Key components of Singapore's smart nation are transportation and elderly care. The country is home to a rapidly ageing population, with the number of its senior citizens forecast to triple over the next 15 years.
"Technology can help them to live independently in their own communities with their own support networks, and give their children peace of mind. Especially if we can integrate sensors, apps, remote monitoring, to help our seniors to age in place, to connect with other seniors, and to stay in touch with their children and their grand-children, and their caregivers," Prime Minister Loong said in a speech at Founders Forum Smart Nation Singapore on Monday.
Several public hospitals are currently trialing a tele-health rehabilitation system where data is transmitted wirelessly through sensors attached to patients' limbs as they carry out therapy sessions at home. This is to eliminate the need for elderly patients to travel and wait for their appointments in hospitals.
Being the world's third most densely populated nation, an efficient transportation system is also central to Singapore's plans.
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"Land is scarce in Singapore. Already, we are one of the most densely populated countries in the world, and we can't keep on building more and more roads indefinitely, becoming like Los Angeles," said Loong.
"We have got to find solutions, using technology, using data, to make our transport more efficient and to improve the commuting experience – through information for commuters, through responsive management of public transport systems, through smart city planning to minimize long and unproductive commutes."
Singapore is currently rolling out sensors across the island to collect data from busy areas such as traffic junctions, bus stops and taxi queues, which will then be relayed back to the relevant agencies for analysis. This is aimed at helping the government gain insights into urban challenges and build services to make life for commuters more fluid and less congested.