Dow, S&P close lower in biggest reversal since Oct. 08

U.S. stocks closed lower, after a failed attempt to rally from the Dow's worst 3-day point decline in history, as investor confidence waned amid continued concerns about China and global growth.
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The Dow Jones industrial average and the S&P 500 closed about 1.3 percent lower after rallying nearly 3 percent earlier, their biggest reversal to the downside since Oct. 29, 2008. The S&P 500 remained in correction territory after falling there on Monday. The index also posted its first six-day losing streak since July 2012.

In the last week-and-a-half, the S&P 500 lost nearly $2 trillion in market capitalization, with $900 billion in this week's two trading sessions alone.

"That crash (Monday) was so big and so long since we had one (investors) don't want a repeat of 2008 so they bail out," said Lance Roberts, general partner at STA Wealth Management.

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The Dow fell 205 points and S&P 500 closed below 1,900 after falling into negative territory in the last half hour of trade. The Nasdaq Composite failed to hold slight gains and closed 0.44 percent lower.

The Dow traveled another 1,600 points during Tuesday's trading session, adding to the 4,900 points the index traveled in down and up moves on Monday.

DJIA intraday moves

"Whatever triggered the consternation in the last few trading sessions is likely to be replayed again," said Mark Luschini, chief investment strategist at Janney Montgomery Scott. He said a negative close "would be a set up to grind sideways to work out this process, if this rally and enthusiasm can't last I think it's an indicator (of that consternation)."

The major averages began paring gains in late morning trade after the European close.

"This is typical after a wild swing we had yesterday," said Peter Cardillo, chief market economist at Rockwell Global Capital. "It's just going to take some time for confidence to rebuild in the market."

Earlier, the Dow gained as much as 441.5 points and the Nasdaq outperformed, up more than 3.5 percent. Morning leaders such as Netflix and Chinese stocks such as JD.com and Baidu still closed more than 4 percent higher. Alibaba gained 4.2 percent.

However, Apple clung to gains of just 0.6 percent after earlier surging more than 7 percent.

In the open, no S&P 500 stocks in the index hit new 52-week highs or lows, after about 200 names hit new 52-week lows Monday.

Morning gains fell short of recouping Monday's more-than-3.5 percent plunge and the Dow remained on pace for its biggest monthly percentage loss since February 2009 and the Nasdaq since 2008. The S&P 500 was on track for its largest monthly percentage loss since May 2010.

"It's not as great as a bounce that many were anticipating," said Kevin Mahn, chief investment officer at Hennion and Walsh. "I think obviously the market sold off far more than it should have."

"We kind of dipped into that correction territory but we're not going to stay there," he said, noting the S&P 500 should trade more in pullback territory between 5 to 10 percent than in correction mode, between 10 to 20 percent lower.

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Some of the things "bothering markets yesterday were China and collapsing commodity prices and both of those have given us some relief and when I look at China I don't look at the Shanghai market. I look at the Hong Kong market," James Meyer, chief investment officer at Tower Bridge Advisors, said of the morning rally.

The Hang Seng closed up 0.72 percent, while the Nikkei plunged 4 percent and the Shanghai Composite extended recent losses to fall below the psychologically key 3,000 mark, down 7.6 percent. However, European stocks surged, with the DAX up nearly 5 percent.

Crude oil futures settled up $1.07, or 2.80 percent, at $39.31 a barrel. Brent traded more than 1 percent higher to above $43 a barrel.

For the rally to be real "we have to end strong and follow-through tomorrow," Meyer said.

Read More A Dow Theory 'sell' sign has the market nervous

In early trade Tuesday, Dow futures spiked above 600 points, implying an open of more than 450 points.

U.S. stock index futures extended gains after the Chinese central bank announced plans early in the morning ET to cut its one year lending rate to 4.6 percent, which the People's Bank of China said was provide long-term liquidity and help support the economy.

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"I'm looking for every reason to be a buyer," said Nick Raich, CEO of The Earnings Scout, who remains bearish on equities. "We're not upgrading our view at this point until we see topline growth... until then it's going to be hard to sustain a rally."

For Tuesday's open, the New York Stock Exchange invoked Rule 48 for the second day in a row, Dow Jones reported.

The exchange used the rule before Monday's open after futures for several major averages hit limit down.

Before this week, Rule 48 was most recently invoked in January 2015. In all, Rule 48 has been invoked 67 times since it was approved in 2007, according to an NYSE spokeswoman. The goal of the rule is to ease market volatility.

Read MoreWhat is Rule 48?

Stocks plummeted on Monday, with the S&P 500 joining the other major averages in correction territory. Nine of the 10 sectors are in correction territory, with consumer staples less than 1 percent away.

The Dow had its biggest intraday swing ever, falling as much as 1,089 points in the open on Monday. U.S. stocks closed more than 3.5 percent lower, off session lows in high volume trade as fears of slowing growth in China pressured global markets.

Cumulative trade volume was 13.94 billion shares as of 4:00 p.m. ET, the highest volume day since Aug. 10, 2011. Composite trade volume on the New York Stock Exchange was 6.57 billion shares, the heaviest since Oct. 27, 2011.

High-frequency trading accounted for 49 percent of Monday's total trade volume of 14.2 billion shares, according to TABB Group. Average daily trade volume month-to-date is 7.5 billion shares, with high-frequency trading accounting for 49 percent. During the peak levels of high-frequency trading in 2009, about 61 percent of 9.8 billion of average daily shares traded were executed by high-frequency traders.

Trade volume was tepid throughout most of Tuesday's session before accelerating into the close for a cumulative 10.3 billion shares as the major averages sold off.

Housing data out Tuesday missed expectations slightly but continued to indicate strength in the market. New home sales figures for July came in at an annual rate at 507,000. The Case-Shiller home price indices for June showing home prices rose less than expected.

In other economic news, the Conference Board's consumer confidence indicator for August rose to 101.5, beating expectations.

"So far it doesn't appear that we've had any disease from the foreign markets (in the economy)," Luschini said.

The U.S. dollar traded about 1 percent higher against major world currencies, with the euro lower near $1.15 and the yen trimming losses against the greenback near 118 yen.

Treasury yields jumped from lows touched Monday, with the 10-year Treasury yield at 2.09 percent, off highs of near 2.14 percent, and the 2-year note yield at 0.60 percent after trading near 0.64 percent.

The Treasury Department auctioned $26 billion of two-year notes at a high yield of 0.663 percent, lower than the previous July auction. Demand was below average and the lowest since October.

Symbol
Name
Price
 
Change
%Change
DJIA
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S&P 500
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NASDAQ
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In earnings, Best Buy, Toll Brothers and Sanderson Farms reported before the market open.

Best Buy surged 12.57 percent. The electronic retailer beat estimates by 15 cents with adjusted quarterly profit of 49 cents per share, with revenue also beating forecasts. Same-store sales rose 2.7 percent, compared to the Thomson Reuters forecast of a 1.0 percent increase.

Toll Brothers plunged nearly 8 percent after reporting a decline in profits year-over-year. The luxury homebuilder did report a 12 percent rise in third-quarter orders.

Sanderson Farms closed 0.09 percent lower after the poultry producer posted earnings that fell substantially shy of the $2.90 consensus estimate with quarterly profit of $2.27, while revenue was also below forecasts. The company said a key factor in the quarter's results was continued pricing pressure.

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The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed down 204.91 points, or 1.29 percent, at 15,666.44, with Merck plunging 5.2 percent as the greatest laggard and Apple and Walt Disney the only advancers.

The Dow transports also reversed intraday gains to close down 1.7 percent, solidly in correction territory.

The S&P 500 closed down 25.59 points, or 1.35 percent, at 1,867.62, with utilities plunging more than 3 percent to lead all 10 sectors lower.

The Nasdaq closed down 19.76 points. or 0.44 percent, at 4,506.49. The iShares Nasdaq Biotechnology ETF (IBB) closed up 0.17 percent, losing intraday gains of more than 3 percent.

The CBOE Volatility Index (VIX), widely considered the best gauge of fear in the market, traded near 37 after spiking above 50 on Monday, its highest level since February 2009.

About nine stocks declined for every seven advancers on the New York Stock Exchange, with an exchange volume of nearly 1.3 billion and a composite volume of nearly 5.2 billion in the close.

Gold settled down $15.30 at $1,138.30 an ounce.

CNBC's Robert Hum, Peter Schacknow, Gina Francolla and Christopher Hayes contributed to this report

Correction: This story has been updated to reflect that Rule 48 was last invoked in January 2015, not during the financial crisis, according to NYSE.

On tap this week:

Wednesday

8:30 a.m.: Durable goods

9:45 a.m.: Services PMI

10 a.m.: New York Fed President Dudley on regional economy, Q&A

1 p.m.: $35 billion 5-year note auction

Thursday

Jackson Hole Fed symposium begins

8:30 a.m.: Initial claims

8:30 a.m.: Real GDP Q2 (second)

10 a.m.: Pending home sales

1 p.m.: $29 billion 7-year note auction

Friday

8:30 a.m.: Personal income

10 a.m.: Consumer sentiment

Saturday

12:25 p.m.: Fed Vice Chairman Stanley Fischer at Jackson Hole; topic U.S. inflation

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