GO
Loading...

Corn Prices Fall on Record Planting Pace

Getty Images

Corn futures Tuesday skidded to multi-week lows on reports that U.S. farmers are catching up with crop plantings at a record-setting pace.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Monday reported that 71 percent of the corn crop was in the ground, versus 28 percent last week. In the last five years, an average 79 percent has been planted by this time of year.

The increase of 43 percentage points amounts to 41.8 million acres, a record, according to Reuters.

Corn prices had been supported by worries about the slow planting, which was lagging due to cold and rain. Corn for July delivery ended Tuesday, down 1.5 percent at $6.40 per bushel.

(Read More: U.S. Corn Soars on Planting Worries, Firm Cash Market )

This year, farmers have been racing to get the crop into the ground before May 15, considered to be the prime time to plant. A late crop is expected to yield less per acre, and farmers believe they lose a bushel per acre for every day it is planted after that date.

A later planting means the crop will pollinate later in July than normal. That could be a plus since means the pollination process, which determines yield, would come after the hottest part of the summer, the first week of July.

Since 1980, there were only two years off to a slower start than this one. One was 1993, when 27 percent of the crop was in the ground, and the other was 1984 when the planting was at 26 percent.

Modern farming technology has made a huge difference and is a big reason why the crop could still be bumper-sized. The USDA forecasts that the domestic corn crop would yield 158 bushels per acre, down from a forecast it made in February due to the slow start to planting.

(Read More: Record world crops on horizon, USDA says)

—By CNBC's Patti Domm Follow her on Twitter @pattidomm

  • Patti Domm

    Patti Domm is CNBC Executive Editor, News, responsible for news coverage of the markets and economy.

  • A CNBC reporter since 1990, Bob Pisani covers Wall Street from the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.

  • CNBC Personal Finance Correspondent

  • JeeYeon Park is a writer for CNBC.com. Follow her on Twitter: @JeeYeonParkCNBC

  • Rick Santelli joined CNBC Business News as an on-air editor in 1999, reporting live from the floor of the Chicago Board of Trade.

  • Senior Producer at CNBC's Breaking News Desk.