If federal prosecutors are successful in their case against SAC Capital, the firm and its multi-billionaire founder Steve Cohen could be left virtually penniless.
That is because in addition to the five-count criminal indictment against the firm unsealed today, U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara unveiled a separate civil complaint targeting "any and all assets" of SAC and its funds.
The complaint does not specify the amount the government is seeking, but notes that at their peak, the firm and its funds were worth $15 billion. Forbes has listed Cohen's personal net worth at $9.3 billion as of March—virtually all of it tied to the hedge fund business he founded. Those numbers have almost certainly dropped considerably as the case progressed and investors withdrew funds, but the amount is still well into the billions of dollars.
(Read more: Cramer: SAC Capital playing you for a dope?)