Egyptian bloodshed leaves Lockheed F-16s in limbo
The Pentagon has suspended deliveries of the "Fighting Falcons" to the Egyptian air force until further notice, and the conflict may result in more than a mere delay to the deal.
A former Defense Department official told The Hill that he thinks the deal is "dead in the water." Frank Cevasco, formerly headed the Pentagon's international programs, told the publication that the jets-to-Egypt issue needs congressional approval, but it will face opposition from lawmakers "on both sides that dislike each other passionately."
The F-16 has been a huge money-maker for Lockheed, not only in the United States, but through sales to foreign allies. The small, comparatively inexpensive air-to-air fighter plane first entered service 35 years ago, and the Air Force Thunderbirds still fly them (though sequestration has grounded that program for now).
As the death toll rose in Egypt, President Barack Obama canceled joint military exercises and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel warned Egyptian authorities they were "putting important elements of our long standing defense cooperation at risk." However, the Pentagon told CNBC in a statement that the F-16 deal is not dead: "This is a delay in delivery, not a termination. We have not canceled the program. The program is not off."
(See the slideshow: Scenes from the turmoil in Egypt)
There's confusion about how many F-16s have already been delivered in the 20-plane order. Lockheed Martin told CNBC that 14 have been delivered, but the Pentagon said that eight have been delivered, another four are being held back by the U.S. government, and one more is being tested by Lockheed.
It's also unclear how much the contract is worth, with Lockheed claiming it's worth about $776 million and the government claiming it's about twice that amount—$1.6 billion. Since U.S. contractors can't sell directly to foreign governments but must work through the Pentagon, it's also not clear who will end up with possession of the planes—and the bill—if the contract with the Egyptians is canceled.
"LMT's contract is with the U.S. government, which is on the hook to take the planes whether or not it delivers them to Egypt," said analyst Cai Von Rumohr of Cowen & Co.
Howard Rubel at Jefferies said it's probably correct that the U.S. is on the hook for the aircraft, though he said that even if Lockheed ends up stuck with the bill, "they typically hold substantial progress payments and advances so that the cash at risk is modest, at best."
For the last two quarters, Lockheed Martin has reported declining deliveries of F-16s as work shifts to its new F-35. Rubel said that if the Egyptian deal goes away, Lockheed could find another buyer fairly easily.
"There is a request by Oman to buy F-16 aircraft," he said. The question may not be whether the planes will sell, but for how much.
Cevasco told The Hill he believes Lockheed will "assemble a new foreign military sale package and sell them to another foreign force for a fraction of what the Egyptian deal was worth."
In other words, if U.S. ties to Egypt worsen, F-16s bound for Cairo will instead be unloaded elsewhere by making some country "an offer you cannot refuse."
—By CNBC's Jane Wells. Follow here on Twitter @janewells.