The ultimate goal of big data is to reach and perfect deep learning—when computer models analyzing massive amounts of data are so accurate they can recognize the features of various objects—cat, dog, human, even celebrity.
A famous Google example is when it trained a system to recognize faces of humans and cats from watching YouTube. The power is in the prediction, and in theory, the future is feeding data points into the computer that is able to quickly identify faces such as Miley Cyrus, even without really knowing who she is, or what a celebrity is.
"Google built a model to decipher these things, unsupervised. No one told it 'this is a human face or a cat,'" said Derrick Harris, senior writer with GigaOM on CNBC's "Squawk Box." The computer is able to identity a cat or human just by having seen enough of the objects, and based on analysis of what's called multidimensional data.
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"My daughter looks at enough pictures of castles in Disney moves, she starts to think casinos in Vegas where we live are castles. …She's got the features right," Harris said.
Even though someone would still have to train the computer to say, "That's Miley Cyrus," the everyday living possibilities linked to deep learning include some pretty cool stuff.
Take Google's Android OS. Deep learning will attack speech recognition and learning applications, and images and text. So, you would be able to pull up photos of your trip to Europe by having the system learn what images are of particular locations in a certain region.
And your love-hate relationship with the auto correct feature on your smartphone might lean more toward love. Right now, the match works by relatively simple word-by-word prediction on mobile devices. The deeper computer learning becomes, the more it will be able to predict and base recognition on whole sentences and formality, learning speech patterns.
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Any text source—tweets, LinkedIn profiles, job listings, customer service chats, transcripts—can be used to predict some sort of outcome, such as education, salary, sentiment, and customer churn.
Deep learning is that powerful because it's pretty much tailor-made for "big data." The models aren't actually that complex—and this is critical—but the more data you feed them, the more accurate they get.