Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke called Tuesday for additional action to be taken to prevent more distressed homeowners from falling into foreclosure.
"This situation calls for a vigorous response," Bernanke said in a speech to a banking group in Florida.
Even with some relief efforts under way by industry and government, foreclosures and late payments on home mortgages are likely to rise "for a while longer," Bernanke warned.
Rising foreclosures threaten to worsen the problems in the housing market and for the national economy, which many fear is on the verge of a recession or in one already.
"Reducing the rate of preventable foreclosures would promote economic stability for households, neighborhoods and the nation as a whole," Bernanke said. "Although lenders and servicers have scaled up their efforts and adopted a wider variety of loss-mitigation techniques, more can, and should be, done," the Fed chief said.
One of the suggestions Bernanke made was for mortgage and other financial companies to reduce the amount of the loan to provide relief to a struggling owner. "Principal reductions that restore some equity for the homeowner may be a relatively more effective means of avoiding deliquency and foreclosure," Bernanke said.
With low or negative equity in their home, a stressed borrower has less ability -- because there is no home equity to tap -- and less finanical incentive to try to remain in the home, he said.
Bernanke acknowledged this idea might be a tough sell to lenders. Lenders, he said, are reluctant to write down principal. "They said that if they were to write down the prinicipal and house prices were to fall further, they could feel pressured to write down principal again," Bernanke said.
Still, Bernanke suggested such longer-term permanent solutions may work better than shorter-term and temporary ones, where the distressed homeowner could find himself in trouble again. "When the mortgage is `under water' a reduction in principal may increase the expected payoff by reducing the risk of default and foreclosure," he said.