United States and British regulators have been in discussions with JPMorgan Chase for almost a month about the trading group that on Thursday disclosed more than $2 billion in losses, according to people with direct knowledge of the matter.
The bank first informed the Federal Reserve and the Financial Services Authority of Britain about the trading activities when media reports surfaced in April about a London-based trader with outsize positions, who was dubbed the “London Whale” and “Voldemort.”
Since then, regulators have asked for more information about the JPMorgan group, the so-called chief investment office. As the losses started to surface, the bank again reached out to regulators in the week prior to the bank’s official announcement, one of the people said.
“It’s not surprising that we’ve been holding discussions about what has been going on,” said one person.
Regulators’ efforts to get to the bottom of JPMorgan’s recent trading activity come as authorities worldwide are clamping down on the risks that financial institutions are able to take.
Along with the Volcker Rule , which will restrict banks from trading with their own money, officials are demanding that firms hold more reserve capital to offset any future financial shocks and are forcing so-called over-the-counter trading activity, which allows companies to trade between each other, onto exchanges to increase the transparency of financial markets.
“The enormous loss JPMorgan announced today is just the latest evidence that what banks call ‘hedges’ are often risky bets that so-called ‘too big to fail’ banks have no business making,” Senator Carl Levin, a Michigan Democrat, said in a statement on Thursday.
The discussions with regulators have centered on JPMorgan’s chief investment office, which is run by Ina Drew in New York. Achilles Macris, the former head of global capital markets at Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein, runs the unit’s London operations from the sixth floor of the bank’s building in the City, the financial district.
The recent conversations between the bank and United States and British authorities do not represent a formal inquiry into the trading activity, according to two people, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak publicly.
This is not the first time that the United States bank, which has a large trading operation in London, has run afoul of British regulation. Last month, the F.S.A. fined Ian Hannam, JPMorgan’s global chairman of equity capital markets, £450,000 for disclosing inside information. Mr. Hannam resigned from the bank, and is appealing the fine.
On a conference call on Thursday, Jamie Dimon, the bank’s chief executive, blamed “errors, sloppiness and bad judgment” for the $2 billion loss, which stemmed from a hedging strategy that backfired. The mistakes “were self-inflicted and this is not how we want to run a business,” he added.