Balance transfer cards, when used correctly, can help you pay off your credit card balance and get rid of your debt. But most Americans who could benefit from them have never used them, and most millennials in the red don't even understand how they work, according to a survey from CompareCards.com by Lending Tree.
The cards essentially let you move your credit card balance from a high-interest card to one that charges you no interest during a 0 percent introductory period, which typically lasts from six to 21 months, depending on the card.
"The average household with revolving credit card debt pays $904 in interest a year," CNBC reports, citing a finding from NerdWallet. Using a balance transfer card, you temporarily escape those interest payments while you focus on getting out of the red.
"The goal is paying off the balance at the lowest possible interest rate without adding new debt back into the mix," says McClary. So make sure to first do the math. Figure out how much you need to pay each month to pay off your balance before the 0 percent introductory period is up.
According to a study done by Consumer Intelligence, about a third of people with balance transfer cards fail to do this. That mistake could make your situation worse. Once the introductory period is up, the rate rockets to as high as 25 percent, reports WiseBread.
As a former credit counselor, McClary saw this firsthand. "People took advantage of the balance transfer and ended up continuing their normal spending habits," he says. "Instead of eliminating their debt, they essentially doubled it."
To ensure you're using a balance transfer card correctly, he also recommends avoiding making purchases with the card, because the 0 percent interest rate doesn't usually apply to new spending.
When you select a card, consider its one-time balance transfer fee, which ranges from 3 to 5 percent. If you have a large balance, you want to make sure what you will save outweighs that fee.
And if you transfer the balance of multiple old credits cards, don't close them all at once, because that can hurt your credit score, says McClary. Waiting six months between each one you close is a good rule of thumb.
Ultimately, if used with the goal paying off your debt, balance transfer cards can be very effective.
And, since the federal funds rate went up a quarter point on Wednesday, it's an opportune time to save using a balance transfer card, adds McClary. As CNBC reports, that hike will raise interest rates for people who carry a balance on their cards.
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