Money

Here’s why millennials would rather save than invest

"2 Broke Girls" on CBS.
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"2 Broke Girls" on CBS.

Millennials are wary of entering the stock market.

New data from the latest Merrill Edge Report shows that, when asked what they'd be able to rely on in 20 years, millennials' top response was their savings account, according to 66 percent of respondents.

When Merrill Edge asked older generations the same question, the majority of Gen-Xers (71 percent) said they'd be able to rely on their 401(k). The top response among boomers (54 percent) was their pension.

"In stark contrast to older generations who are relying on outside sources for their future financial security, millennials are looking to their self-created savings years down the line," Aron Levine, head or Merrill Edge at Bank of America, writes in the report. "Millennials place even greater trust in their own stewardship than they do in their personal relationships with their significant other and friends."

The report shows that young people today are taking a "do-it-yourself" approach to finance and investing, choosing to rely primarily on their own savings in place of vehicles like a 401(k) or IRA. Though many millennials do utilize these tools as well, there's still an underlying feeling that their own efforts are more dependable.

The biggest reason for this shift in trust is the climate many millennials grew up in. "This is really reflective of coming of age in the 10 years since the financial crisis and what they saw of the recession," Levine tells CNBC Make It.

Throughout the crisis, millennials "saw their parents and grandparents suffer and struggle with either Social Security not being there or being there and not being enough," Levine says. Because of this, millennials have developed the mindset that they "need to be relying on themselves and their own ability to save and invest."

Even when young people do invest, they're not taking big risks. According to the report, 85 percent of millennials say they "play it safe" with their day-to-day investments. Forty-six percent of millennials say they're more financially conservative than their parents, and 35 percent say they're more conservative than their grandparents as well.

Additionally, millennials are facing mountains of student loan debt coupled with pressure to pay it off as quickly as possible. One reason they're more risk averse than previous generations is because they already feel behind.

"The ones who are playing it safe, they aren't playing it safe in their career and they'll go on an exotic vacation and jump out of an airplane, but when it comes to their money, they're struggling to pay off debt and the idea of losing that principal is really scary," Levine says.

He adds: "They really pinpoint every dollar they make and say, 'I know I need to invest it, but I'm just not willing to take significant risk because of how hard it is to earn and how hard it is to keep.'"

Levine is hopeful, though. He predicts that as the economy continues to improve and the market heats up, millennials will become more optimistic. "I think over time they'll be willing to take little more risk and I think they'll also reach out for some advice," he says.

Although entering the stock market might sound scary, it doesn't need to be. Here are a few low-stress ways to start investing:

  • Sign up for your employer's 401(k) plan and take full advantage of any company match, which essentially gives you free money.
  • Contribute to a Roth IRA or traditional IRA, which are both individual retirement accounts that offer tax breaks.
  • Use micro-investing apps such as Acorns, which help you begin by investing small amounts of your "spare change." The app rounds up your purchases to the nearest dollar and automatically put your coins to work.
  • Try other apps that aim to make investing simple and accessible.
  • Consider automated investing services known as robo-advisors that can help you out no matter how much you have in the bank.
  • Research low-cost, low-risk index funds, which Warren Buffett recommends.

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