President Joe Biden's proposed tax law changes are "skewed heavily" in favor of parents, a new analysis from the Urban Institute's Tax Policy Center (TPC) finds.
The report finds that all low-income households earning $26,000 or less would see their tax bill drop by about $620, on average, in 2022. But families with children would benefit even more from proposed tax credits and changes, paying an average of $3,200 less.
TPC's analysis takes into account many — though not all — of Biden's recent proposed tax changes in the American Jobs Plan and American Families Plan, including:
- Extending the temporary increase in the Child Tax Credit (CTC), the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit (CDCTC) and the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
- Raising individual income tax and capital gains tax rates on high-income households
- Taxing unrealized capital gains at death
- Implementing various corporate tax changes, such as increasing the corporate income tax rate from 21% to 28%
That parents would receive big benefits is very much by design. Biden has made reducing child poverty a priority in his economic agenda.
Households earning $800,000 or more, or the top 1% of U.S. households, will take on "nearly all" of the tax increases, per TPC. The top 1% would pay an average of about $213,000 more in federal taxes in 2022, while the top 0.1%, or those making $3.6 million or more, would see their tax bill increase by $1.6 million on average.
But some middle class taxpayers could end up paying more as well, depending on if they have children or not, says Ben Page, senior fellow at TPC.
While middle-income households on average will see their tax bill go down, it's because those with children are getting such a big break, says Page. Those without kids would pay an average of just over $300 more in taxes in 2022, per TPC.
That's mainly due to the proposed tax increase on corporations. It wouldn't be that those workers would owe the IRS more taxes, Page says. Rather, higher corporate taxes could lead to less investment in the corporate sector, translating into lower worker productivity and thus slightly lower wages.
The report also notes that if corporate tax increases are not factored into the analysis, then virtually no one earning less than $200,000 would see their tax bill increase in 2022. Those who do would mostly be wealthy heirs, who would be on the hook to pay taxes on unrealized capital gains.