India's benchmark index approached a fresh record high after exit polls indicated a strong showing for the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in state elections. Investors widely perceive the BJP to be more business friendly. That saw the rupee hit a one-month at 61.75 per dollar.
The benchmark Sensex index last hit an all-time record high of 21,321 points on November 3.
(Watch now: India refuses to budge on food security bill)
Nikkei 1.5% lower
Japanese stocks hit a new two-week closing low for a second session as the yen continued to strengthen. The Japanese currency was at 102 per dollar in Asian trade, well-off Monday's six-month trough beyond the 103 handle.
Automakers were among the most vulnerable to the yen's strength. Nissan Motor led losses by 3.5 percent while Mazda Motor eased 2.7 percent and Suzuki Motor eased 2 percent.
Investors are awaiting an announcement about an economic stimulus package as impatience grows over the next phase of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's turnaround plan. The headline figure is speculated to be around 5 trillion yen.
Sydney drops 1.4%
Australian shares hit a seven-week closing low after the nation's October trade deficit came in wider than expected. Meanwhile, the Australian dollar pared losses after falling below 90 U.S. cents for the first time in three months overnight.
Qantas Airways closed down 11.2 percent after the airline flagged profit warnings for the first half of 2014 due to a "marked deterioration" in market conditions.
But miners lent some respite on the back of higher iron ore prices. Fortescue Metals jumped over 1 percent while Oz Minerals climbed nearly 5 percent.