New jobless benefit plan advanced

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (C) (D-NV), Sen. Patty Murray (R) (D-WA) and Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-NY) answer questions during a press conference January 9, 2014 in Washington, DC. During the press conference Reid, Murray and Schumer spoke on pending legislation to extend unemployment insurance.
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Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (C) (D-NV), Sen. Patty Murray (R) (D-WA) and Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-NY) answer questions during a press conference January 9, 2014 in Washington, DC. During the press conference Reid, Murray and Schumer spoke on pending legislation to extend unemployment insurance.

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid expressed optimism Thursday about chances for compromise on jobless legislation, and officials said talks were focused on a scaled-back program that is fully paid for and would provide up to 31 weeks of benefits for the long-term unemployed.

The officials said the emerging compromise would run through the late fall, and the price tag—approximately $18 billion—would be offset through cuts elsewhere in the budget so deficits would not rise.

Rank and file senators in both parties were reviewing the proposal in closed-door noon meetings.

The Senate has been working on a three-month resurrection of a program that expired on Dec. 28, immediately cutting off benefits of roughly $256 weekly for more than 1 million hurt by the recession.

(Read more: Unemployment aid: What's at stake for the US economy)

Reid, D-Nev., told reporters he was "cautiously optimistic" about a compromise emerging later in the day but provided no details.

The expired law provided a maximum of 47 weeks of payments after an unemployed worker has exhausted state-funded benefits, which usually run 26 weeks.

The new measure would reduce the 47 weeks to a maximum of 31 weeks, officials said, based on a sliding scale that dates to the expired program.

Officials said the first tier of additional benefits would be six weeks—— and be generally available to all who have used up their state eligibility.

They said an additional six weeks would be available in states where unemployment is 6 percent or higher; an additional nine weeks in states with joblessness of 7 percent or higher; and 10 more in states where unemployment is 9 percent or more.

The cost would be offset in part by extending a previously-approved reduction in Medicare payments to providers, officials said, and in part by limiting or eliminating the ability of individuals on Social Security disability to also collect unemployment benefits.

The officials who described the details of the possible legislation did so on condition of anonymity, saying they were not authorized to speak on the record. They stressed the specifics could yet change, and that the deal itself may fail to come together.

Currently, Nevada and Rhode Island are the only states with unemployment of 9 percent.

Senators from the two statesDemocrat Jack Reed of Rhode Island and Republican Dean Heller of Nevadawere central to the talks, and the White House is also being kept apprised.

Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., told reporters that administration officials have indicated they would be satisfied with a deal that won the backing of Senate Democrats.

Any legislation that clears the Senate would also have to pass the House, where Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, has said he is only willing to consider an extension of the expired program is fully paid for.

—By The Associated Press