Officials who toured the area about a week after the storm hit identified 28 homes with major damage and 11 that were destroyed, FEMA spokesman Casey De Shong said. About 20 percent of those homes had insurance, he said.
"The two factors combined ... really don't suggest the state of Hawaii was overwhelmed," De Shong said. "It just didn't constitute a declaration."
Approving Hawaii's request would have provided residents with help for uninsured damage such as home-repair funds, low-interest loans and rental assistance.
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Hawaii County Mayor Billy Kenoi and Gov. Neil Abercrombie said the state and county were working together to gather information to appeal the decision. The state is still eligible for a declaration from the
Small Business Administration, Kenoi and Abercrombie said in a joint statement. This would make low-interest loans for repairs available for individuals and businesses.
The governor has 30 days to appeal.
"Storm surge and wind-driven waves flooded homes and moved them off their foundations in Kapoho, Hawaii County," Abercrombie wrote in his application to FEMA. "High winds downed hundreds of albizia trees, destroying and damaging hundreds of homes and causing extensive damage to the electrical infrastructure."
The storm "impacted the most impoverished district in the state," he wrote, noting that 27.8 percent of residents live below the poverty rate.
The state is disappointed, but it's still possible FEMA will approve help with public infrastructure damage, said Shelly Kunishige, spokeswoman for State Civil Defense/Hawaii Emergency Management Agency.
"It would be nice, but I think there are a lot of volunteer groups on the ground, a lot of grassroots efforts to help the affected people out," Kunishige said, adding that the denial reinforces the need for the public to make donations to those groups.
"It was clear to me during my visit in Puna that assistance is absolutely necessary," U.S. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, whose district includes the Big Island, said in a statement. "While this denial is a setback, it should not discourage us from seeking all other options for assisting our friends and neighbors in Puna."
The last time Hawaii received a FEMA major disaster declaration, Kunishige said, was for severe storms and high winds that caused extensive flooding on Oahu in December 2008.
—By The Associated Press