2. Alibaba is a pure play on the most coveted part of the Chinese market: the consumer.
This is not a play on commodities, an old-school investment thesis in China. The "new play" has been to invest in the Chinese consumer, and this is the most direct play you can have. E-commerce is a massive sector with huge tailwinds for growth. The key point is that China's whole retail market is leapfrogging brick and mortar consumer names. Think about this: in the U.S., for more than a century there was a huge build out of store infrastructure.
3) the Asian investor may be a very significant factor in initial trading. This is a huge brand name in China. Many have relationships with Chinese brokerage firms that have access to the U.S. market. No one knows how big the Chinese orders will be, but many feel that millions of Chinese will put in market orders before they go to bed Thursday night.
There is also an as yet undetermined amount of Asia-based investment money parked in U.S. retail brokerages. My guess it that many of those will be buy and hold types, for the most part.
Is there anything that might temper a huge pop? Yes, and here's why:
1. While Alibaba is selling 320 million shares, there is an additional tranche that will become available (largely stock from former employees) that will not subject to the standard lockup. It's a big number: 128 million shares could theoretically be sold from day one. This is significant, because the average insider owns Alibaba at $2.82. At that price, many investors would not worry much if the stock was trading at $68 or $72 or higher; they will just sell.
2. At least initially, Alibaba will not be included in most indices. For example, it won't go into any Standard & Poor (S&P) indices because it is a Cayman Island based company. And it's a problem for most exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Almost all ETFs are tied to two indexing companies: MSCI and FTSE. Neither will have Alibaba in their indices, at least for the moment.
For example, MSCI will not include Alibaba in any of its indices because their rules do not allow it to buy a stock if it is based in one country and its shares are listed in a different country. Alibaba is based in China but trades only in New York (MSCI is considering changing these rules).
Other China-based companies that trade in the U.S., like Baidu, Weibo, and JD.com also are not included in these indices. This is a problem, because potentially billions of dollars could have been bought had they been included.
There is a small group of ETFs that would allow the stock to be included in the index because they allow inclusion of shares based in one country and listed in another. The list includes the SPDR S&P China ETF, the PowerShares Golden Dragon China ETF, and the Kraneshares China Internet Index. These, however, are still relatively small: The GXC is by far the largest, with $900 million in assets. The KWEB has only $100 million.
By contrast, the Vanguard Emerging Markets ETF, indexed to the FTSE Emerging Market Index and will not include Alibaba, has $49 billion in assets. It will also go into the Renaissance Capital IPO ETF (IPO).