Personal Finance

Who—and how much—to tip at the holidays

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There's something about the idea of year-end tips that sends people into panic mode.

It's an annual conundrum—one that, to hear etiquette experts tell it, consumers still haven't gotten the hang of. "There's always that big question mark, every year," said Diane Gottsman, owner of The Protocol School of Texas. We're not sure who needs a tip (and just as important on the budget front, who doesn't) or how generous to be. We pressure ourselves to give a set amount or fear that a faux pas will mean worse service next year.

"It becomes quite nerve-wracking," said Jodi R.R. Smith, author of "From Clueless to Class Act." "You don't want to overpay, but you don't want to be seen as cheap."

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Relax. It's not that tough.

Financial presents that outlast the holiday season
Financial presents that outlast the holiday season

Start by determining who to tip. "If you think of holiday tips as saying 'thank you' to the service providers that made a difference to you, that makes it much easier," said Lizzie Post, co-host of the Awesome Etiquette podcast. (Check out the chart below from The Emily Post Institute for a selection of some often-tipped people.)

There might be some people who aren't listed that, for you, deserve a tip. By the same measure, you don't have to tip everyone on the list at the suggested rate. If you use a service infrequentlysay, you get a trim every four months rather than a cut and color every six weeks—that may merit a smaller tip, if anything, Post said. Ditto if the service hasn't been great. "That's going to be your own judgment," Gottsman added.

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True, a tip might lead to a better experience next year. "Anyone is going to remember someone who shows them courtesy," she said. But don't let fear of bad service be an influence. "You shouldn't feel like you're being blackmailed," Gottsman said. "There's a certain level of customer service you should expect when you're the customer."

Then there's the question of how much to give. The general rule of thumb is "one instance of service," Post said. So, a tip may be the equivalent to the cost of one session with that personal trainer, or one week's pay for a housekeeper. Still, there's wiggle room. "No matter what, consider your budget," she said. If money is tight, figure out how much you can afford to spend and allocate it accordingly among the providers on your list.

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"I strongly encourage people to do research," Smith said. "A little bit of recognizance can go a long way." That's especially helpful for tips that aren't based on pay, like an apartment building superintendent or trash collectors.

Gifts can also play an important role. A gift card, gourmet goodies or another thoughtful present may be a better option when cash is limited. It may also be the only option, according to Gottsman. U.S. Postal Service Regulations only permit carriers to accept small tokens worth $20 or less, and many schools, health-care providers, and other companies prohibit cash tips. "You might want to double check," she said.

Whatever you give, be sure to include a handwritten card thanking that provider for their service, Smith said. Note who you tipped, and how much, in a spreadsheet. That way, she said, you won't face the same anxiety next year.

Who to tip for the holidays

Provider Gift type Suggested value
Regular babysitterCashUp to one evening’s pay and a small gift from your child(ren).
Day care providerCash or a gift for each staff member who works with your child(ren).A gift from you or $25-$70 for each staff member who works with your child(ren) and a small gift from your child(ren).
HousekeeperCash and/or a giftUp to the amount of one week’s pay and/or a small gift.
Nursing home employeesA gift (not cash). Check company policy first.A gift that could be shared by the staff (flowers or food items).
BarberCash or giftUp to the cost of one haircut or a gift.
Beauty salon staffCash or gift depending on whether you tip well after each service.Up to the cost of one salon visit divided for each staff member who works with you. Give individual cards or a small gift each for those who work on you.
Personal trainerCash or giftUp to the cost of one session or a gift.
Dog walkerCash or giftUp to one week’s pay or a gift.
Personal caregiverCash or giftUp to one week to one month’s salary or a gift.
Newspaper delivery personCash or small gift$10-30 or a small gift
Mail carrierSmall gift onlyPer United States Postal Service rules, carriers can only accept small gifts worth $20 or less.
SuperintendentCash or gift$20-80 or a gift.
DoormanCash or gift$15-80. $15 or more each for multiple doormen, or a gift.
HandymanCash or gift$15 to $40.
Trash/Recycling collectorsCash or gift (for private). Check city regulations if it is a municipal service.$10-30 each.
Yard/Garden workerCash or gift$20-50 each.

Source: SOURCE: The Emily Post Institute.