Sentiment was positive on Monday, following volatility in recent weeks due to the heavy drop in the price of oil and Russia's economic and geopolitical woes.
Read More'I'd rather own Russia than Apple': Pro
However, the Russian ruble firmed to a 10-day high against the dollar on Monday, as exporters sold foreign currency revenues.The ruble gained as much as 5.5 percent against the dollar at 55.33 and over 6 percent against the euro.
Oil prices rose in early trading on Monday, but later fell below $61 a barrel after Saudi Arabia indicated it could increase its output. Brent fell to around $60.29 and U.S. WTI front-month contracts fell back to $55.82.
Read MoreWho cares if oil drops to $20? Not Saudi's Naimi
U.S. stocks rose on Monday, with the S&P 500 extending gains after its best weekly performance in nearly two months. Equities briefly cut gains after a report had existing home sales down 6.1 percent to 4.93 million in November.
Trading volumes both in Europe and the U.S. is likely to fall off ahead of the Christmas holiday on Thursday.
Euro zone confidence
On Monday, an official flash estimate showed euro zone consumer confidence edge 0.6 points higher for December.
In stocks news, Alstom shares closed more than 5 percent lower after the French energy giant pleaded guilty to bribery charges levied by the U.S.
Shares of insurer Delta Lloyd slipped more than 3 percent after the Dutch central bank fined the company over alleged improper gains in 2012.
Tullow Oil also slid over 4 percent on oil price weakness.
Follow us on Twitter: @CNBCWorld