Last month, activist investor Starboard Value called for the two companies to merge, saying a combined entity would lead to greater savings.
A merger would help fend off intense competition from online retailers such as Amazon.com and big-box chains such as Wal-Mart Stores that sell the same core office supplies, such as paper and ink toner, for less.
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The combination of the two would likely get a close look from antitrust regulators, the Journal said.
Office Depot and Staples were not immediately available for comment outside regular U.S. business hours.
Regulators nixed Staples' attempt to buy Office Depot in 1997, citing antitrust concerns.
The FTC approved Office Depot's $976 million acquisition of OfficeMax in 2013 without the need to close stores, citing increased competition in the office supply industry.