Make a mobile game that climbs near the top of the charts, and the dollars start flowing. In a big way.
For proof, look no further than the booming business that's fueling casual game developer SGN. The maker of such titles as "Cookie Jam" and "Panda Pop" is poised to almost triple revenue this year to about $280 million from $100 million in 2014, according to Josh Yguado, president and co-founder of the Los Angeles-based company.
Critical to a breakout mobile game is having tens of millions of users download the app and play all they want for free, with a small percentage of fanatics paying for advanced features or to skip levels.
The 10 percent of paying SGN users are producing pretax profit margins for the company in the neighborhood of 20 percent, at a time when scores of heavily funded tech start-ups are burning millions every month for growth.
But just like hit-makers in other industries, the eternal challenge is staying power. In today's world it requires creating multiple hits that become top 20 grossing games on iOS and Android.
Zynga was pummeled as gamers shifted from desktops to smartphones and has yet to recover despite a renewed focus on mobile. King.com, creator of the massively popular "Candy Crush" franchise, is trading below its IPO price from a year ago even though the company has produced successful follow-up games "Farm Heroes" and "Pet Rescue."
SGN is steering clear of public markets for now and focusing instead on creating an arsenal of popular titles.
"The market doesn't seem to like casual game developers right now," said Yguado, who previously worked at Fox and MTV. "We want a big enough portfolio so that there are no ups and downs or surprises."
Yguado started SGN, in its existing form, in 2010 with MySpace co-founder Chris DeWolfe. By current market standards, the company has reached scale on very little capital, raising a little more than $25 million way back in 2010.
That can happen when a business is generating cash.
SGN's big winner to date has been matching puzzle game "Cookie Jam," which as of Friday ranked 21st on the iPhone among top-grossing games, 13th on the iPad and 14th on Google Play, and was named Facebook's game of the year in 2014.
"Panda Pop" is adding to the mix, ranking 32nd on Google and 47th on the iPhone.
But it's the recently launched "Juice Jam" that Yguado is convinced will be the next smash hit. In its early days, the fruit juice-themed puzzle game is showing characteristics in terms of engagement and revenue that resemble "Cookie Jam." Growth is strong enough that "Cookie Jam" will account for less than half of total revenue this year, Yguado said.
"Once you create an established user base and a method for creating a successful game, it's very replicable," he said.