When it comes to getting more girls interested in coding, research shows you should start early.
As early as second grade, girls begin to form stereotypes associating boys with math, according to a 2015 study conducted by the University of Washington. By the time they enter college, men are already more than four times more likely to have an intention to major in computer science and engineering than women, the study found.
"When you ask kids in elementary schools how many of them were interested in technology, you see an equal number of boys and girls raise their hands," Gupta said. "By middle school, that's dropped."
After reading an article that said that all first grade students in Estonia are required to take an introductory computer programming course, Gupta—the former head of consumer payments at Google—decided to create coding opportunities for his daughter.