According to the company, the process involves several steps. After waste has been processed to recover any materials that can be recycled, the remainder is turned into what APP calls a refuse derived fuel, or RDF.
A gasifier heats the RDF up and turns it into a "crude syngas", which is moved to a Gasplasma plasma conversion unit.
APP says that "intense heat from the plasma arc" – which is greater than 8,000 degrees centigrade – as well as intense ultraviolet light of the plasma results "in the complete cracking of tar substances and the breakdown of char materials."
The by-products of this cracking are a clean syngas and Plasmarok.
"Household waste, stuff that we throw away, commercial industrial waste, even nastier stuff – hazardous waste – can all be basically transformed," Rolf Stein, CEO of Advanced Plasma Power, told CNBC in a phone interview.
To give a few examples, wastes such as creosote, oils and sludge can be used in the process to produce energy.
According to the company, the process – which it says is modular and scalable – results in "minimal" emissions.
Stein added that one avenue that the company was pursuing was the conversion of the synthesis gas into advanced biofuels such as compressed bio methane.