Germany's DAX closed down around 1.1 percent, while the French CAC and London's FTSE finished down 0.9 percent and 0.7 percent respectively.
Nonfarm payrolls increased by a seasonally adjusted 151,000 in January, the U.S. Labor Department said, falling short of analysts' expectations. The figures are likely to influence the hiking path the Federal Reserve takes on interest rates.
"Signs of a slowdown in hiring, still-weak annual pay growth and disappointing survey data, all pitched alongside an adverse financial market environment so far this year, reduce the odds of the Fed hiking rates again in March," chief economist at Markit, Chris Williamson, said.
U.S. equities fell on Friday after the jobs data was out.