Officials in northern England approved a shale gas fracking application from Third Energy on Monday in a shift indicating growing support for shale gas that Britain's government hopes can counter the decline in North Sea output.
Britain is estimated to have substantial amounts of shale gas trapped in underground rocks and Prime Minister Cameron has pledged to go all out to extract these reserves.
Councillors at North Yorkshire County Council voted in favour of the application 7 to 4 after two days of hearings.
"This has been a very difficult decision for the Council to make and we know it is a difficult decision for the people of this county," said Richard Flinton, North Yorkshire's chief executive.
Rasik Valand, Chief Executive of Third Energy said: "This approval, is not as a victory, but is a huge responsibility. We will have to deliver on our commitment, made to the committee and to the people of Ryedale, to undertake this operation safely and without impacting on the local environment."