Other economists echoed her views.
"Overall, China's economy has not been able to sustain the recovery it had in the first quarter and is in the process of bottoming out. The government still needs to make full use of proactive fiscal policy measures accompanied by a prudent monetary policy to prevent the economy from slowing further," said Zhengsheng Zhong, director of macroeconomic analysis at CEBM Group.
Hopes were high earlier in the year that the economy was on the mend following more than a year's worth of fiscal and monetary support. But data during the past two months have since quashed that optimism, with fixed-asset investment, factory output and retail sales all growing more slowly than expected in April.
"We believe growth momentum in first two months of the second quarter (Q2) may have moderated. As structural reform regained momentum in Q2 with an emphasis to engage in deleverage, de-inventory and de-overcapacity in sectors such as steel and coal this year, we believe monetary policy will remain accommodative supported by a proactive fiscal policy," Citi economists said in a note following Wednesday's data.
Ahead of the three surveys, the China Securities Journal reported that the government was likely to increase fiscal support in the second half of the year.
In a note on Wednesday, analysts at ING said state policy should concentrate on supply side structural reforms instead of demand management policies that influence capital investment and exports. Supply side reforms are micro-economic policies targeted to boost efficiency and productivity, widely seen as crucial to dealing with China's "zombie companies," i.e. debt-saddled firms in operation but nearing bankruptcy.
Last month, an unnamed high-ranking official told The People's Daily, the official Communist Party newspaper, that Beijing must focus on letting zombie companies fail and avoiding monetary easing.
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