California may have Silicon Valley, but a number of other states depend more on software for the health of their economies, according to a new report. Companies such as Apple and Google make up almost 4 percent of California's GDP, and while that's a lot for a single industry, it lags behind states like Washington, Virginia and Massachusetts.
It's not just jobs: Washington, Nebraska and Vermont are ahead of the Golden State in terms of software-related research and development. More than 40 percent of total R&D investment in those states comes from software companies, according to the new study conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit and software trade group BSA.
"The data clearly demonstrate that the positive impact that software companies are having is not just in a handful of states as is commonly believed, but across the United States as a whole," said BSA CEO Victoria Espinel. "When we talk about the impact on people's lives, it's much broader than the picture of software that existed 10 years ago."
Overall, the study found that software directly employed 2.5 million people in the United States in 2014, adding more than a trillion dollars to the economy either directly or indirectly. Here's how the direct GDP impact breaks down state by state: