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Kiwi jumps as New Zealand rate cut disappoints

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The New Zealand dollar surged to its highest in more than a year on Thursday after its central bank made a smaller interest rate cut than some had expected, driving investors to trim bearish bets made on hopes of more aggressive easing.

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand said a strong kiwi was driving it to cut rates and that it saw potential for one more reduction by year-end and another by mid-2017. Traders said that was too slow relative to expectations with some going into Thursday's meeting expecting a 50 basis point cut.

Why the RBNZ delivered another rate cut

As a result, after the quarter point to a record low of 2.0 percent the New Zealand dollar rose to $0.7351, its highest since May 2015, before settling back to $0.724.

"The RBNZ has made it clear for a long time that it wants to see the kiwi depreciate, sometimes less and sometimes more explicitly," said Ulrich Leuchtmann, currency strategist at Commerzbank. "Only that it does not deliver enough to achieve this."

Along with the Australian dollar, the kiwi has been buoyed by the allure of relatively high bond yields. New Zealand dollar 10-year government bonds have a yield of around 2.1 percent, compared with negative yields in Japan and Germany.

In the European session, sterling hit a one-month low of $1.2936 amid more signs of weakness in Britain's housing market. Volumes were limited but traders said the report from the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors added to signs the British economy was slowing, which have weighed on the pound since June's vote to leave the European Union.

Currency markets' broader focus remained on whether U.S. interest rates will rise this year, with traders looking ahead to a number of speeches by Federal Reserve officials culminating in Chair Janet Yellen's August 26 address at the Jackson Hole symposium.

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"A Fed rate hike still seems like a long-term prospect ...and we would expect that the carry-seeking behavior will continue to support the Antipodean currencies," analysts at Credit Agricole said in a note, referring to the Australian and New Zealand dollars.

The U.S. dollar index, which measures its value against a basket of six major currencies, last traded up at 95.91, rising from a near one-week low of 95.442 set on Wednesday.

The euro was 0.41 percent weaker at $1.114.

Against the yen, the was slightly higher at 101.99 yen in holiday-thinned trade, with Japanese markets closed for a public holiday.

The greenback rose as high as 102.66 yen on Monday following Friday's strong U.S. jobs data, but has since lost momentum after weak productivity report meant inflation pressures are likely to be tame.