If politicians don't fix the Affordable Care Act, then the vulnerable Blue Cross and local HMO plans — which serve as the backbone of Obamacare — must exit, said Robert Laszewski, the President of Health Policy and Strategy Associates.
"What the politicians need to do is to understand they have got about a year to fix this," he said in an interview with CNBC's "Closing Bell."
Republicans do not want to fix the existing flaws for Obamacare, Laszewski said. Instead, they want to repeal and replace it. He added that Democrats are now stating that they would rather go to a single-payer insurance plan or a public option within a government-run plan.
Thus, the political system remains fragmented. Laszewski added that regardless of the outcome of the 2016 presidential election, the Republicans won't have enough votes to repeal or replace Obamacare. Likewise, Democrats won't have the votes to pass a public or single-payer option.
The Affordable Care Act was put under the microscope on Monday when Aetna announced it would withdraw from 11 of 15 states where it offers plans within Obamacare exchanges. The news was announced just weeks after the Justice Department filed suit to block Aetna's acquisition of Humana, though Aetna cited concerns for its second-quarter results as the reason for the exit.
"Mark Bertolini [CEO] and Aetna can afford to lose $300 million in Obamacare. They are going to report profits into the billions of dollars this year," Laszewski said. "But these regional Blue Cross plans and regional HMOs, they are also in order of magnitude of $100 to $300 million a year. I'm seeing this daily."
Unfortunately, regional organizations do not have the profits or surplus to continue for more than a year, according to Laszewski. He expects most plans to stay in the Obamacare exchanges through 2017.
"If we don't get some very significant fixes to Obamacare, the math is simple. These plans can't continue the way it's going. And that undermines the coverage that all of these people have gotten," he said.
Laszewski has worked in the insurance business for over 40 years, including 25 within the Washington D.C. area, where he started his own consulting business that specializes in market and health-care policy. Clients include hospitals, physician's offices and insurance companies.
His concerns for Obamacare stem from what he says are repetitive situations in each state. The issues cited by Aetna over Obamacare losses are now being echoed in multiple states by almost every company, he said.
"State after state, we are seeing exactly the same scenario; losses deteriorating … deteriorating conditions and carriers not being able to continue in the long term."
— CNBC's Silvana Henao contributed to this report.