After decades of wrangling, governments around the world are beginning to take the issues of climate change and sustainability seriously.
Last year, at the COP21 summit in Paris, world leaders agreed to make sure global warming stayed "well below" 2 degrees Celsius and to "pursue efforts" to limit the temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. And last weekend, the U.S. and China – two of the world's biggest polluters – formally entered that agreement.
But what is needed as a next step is bright minds to come up with ideas to help society make the leap to a more sustainable future.
At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the MIT Energy Initiative is looking to harness the world's brightest minds to develop technology and ideas to provide "clean, affordable and plentiful sources of energy."
And far from being based in theory, the results from the research taking place at MIT have practical, real world applications.
"In our lab here we are producing biofuels as part of student projects, which are being sponsored in part the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, based in Colorado," Jean Francois Hamel, research engineer and director of the undergraduate teaching laboratories at MIT, told Sustainable Energy.