Elsewhere, oil markets were in focus as major crude-producing countries met at the International Energy Forum in Algeria, amid speculation of a possible production freeze deal to support prices.
Crude oil futures were over 3 percent lower on the day when European stock markets closed.
The downturn in crude prices impacted European energy stocks, with London-listed Tullow Oil closing down around 3.3 percent.
In other news, Commerzbank shares closed around 2.9 percent lower after media reports suggesting Germany's second-biggest lender might cut around 9,000 jobs over the coming years.
Shares of French telecoms group Orange closed around 1.7 percent higher after an upgrade from Credit Suisse.
Follow CNBC International on Twitter and Facebook.