Even tech companies with a commitment to boosting the diversity of their workforce are finding gains hard to come by.
A case in point is Apple.
The iPhone maker released new data Monday night showing that the company's highest ranks remain even more white and male than the company as a whole.
Just 20 of Apple's top 107 executives are women, according to a government filing, while only five are from underrepresented minority groups (defined as black, Hispanic/Latino, Native American or Hawaiian/Pacific Islander). Another 14 executives are Asian, while the remaining 88 are white.
Those numbers are roughly unchanged from a year ago.
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In the next layer of management, women made up 27 percent of the workforce. More than 65 percent of those managers and mid-level executives are white, 23 percent are Asian, with just 11 percent from underrepresented minority groups and 1 percent who define themselves as multiracial. As with the executive ranks, those numbers are little different than they were in 2015.
The data is included in a form known as the EEO-1, which companies must file with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Even while publicly sharing the data, Apple has said that the EEOC data doesn't reflect how the company itself breaks down its workforce, and is not the way it measures its diversity progress.
In August, Apple released its last public numbers, noting that 32 percent of its workforce was female and 22 percent of employees were from underrepresented minorities. The numbers, which represented slight increases from 2015, reflect global hiring for women, and only the U.S. with regard to underrepresented minorities.