Asian shares traded mostly higher on Tuesday with the exception of China and Hong Kong as continued capital outflows from the mainland weighed on sentiment.
Japan's closed up 0.53 percent or 102.93 points at 19,494.53 after wavering near flat for most of the session. The Bank of Japan (BOJ) announced its decision to hold interest rates in negative territory and kept the 10-year government bond yield target at around zero percent.
As well, the accompanying BOJ statement was also more upbeat on the economic outlook than in November. Investors will now look to BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda's news conference in Tokyo for more indications on Japan's economic health.
Down under, the ASX 200 finished up 0.52 percent or 29.02 points at 5,591.1.
Earlier, minutes from the Reserve Bank of Australia's (RBA) December policy meeting showed that it was cautiously optimistic on the economy, despite recent softer data, and was trying to balance the benefits of lower interest rates against the risk of higher household debt.
But one economist said that the RBA's December minutes are irrelevant.
"The fairly optimistic comments on domestic activity are outdated as we found out the day after the December meeting that GDP fell by 0.5 percent q/q in the third quarter. The minutes confirm that the RBA had expected 'year-end growth…to decline before picking up,' but the drop in GDP was larger than the RBA expected," said Paul Dales, chief Australia and New Zealand economist at Capital Economics, in a December 20 note.
Dales added that the international trade and building approval figures in October, which were released after the RBA's December meeting, suggest that GDP will not rebound in the fourth quarter.
"The RBA will surely have to sound a bit more cautious when it next meets in early February and will probably revise down its 2017 GDP growth forecast," Dales said.
In South Korea, the Kospi added 0.17 percent or 3.55 points to close up 2,041.94, while Hong Kong's slipped 0.48 percent by 3:00 pm local time.
The Hong Kong benchmark has fallen about 5 percent in the past two weeks.
"The selling was accompanied by emerging market outflow as the U.S. dollar surged to a decade's high. The fast depreciation of yuan has also urged outflow from the China market, further weighing on Hong Kong equities," explained Margaret Yang, market analyst at CMC Markets, in a note on Tuesday.
The ended down 0.5 percent or 15.61 points at 3,102.48, and the Shenzhen composite closed 0.14 percent or 2.78 points lower at 1,981.32.
The Chinese yuan midpoint was set at 6.9468 on Tuesday versus its last close at 6.9513. The yuan last traded at 6.9506 against the dollar and at a eight-year low.
Investors worry that the capital outflows seen post-Trump's victory and a weakening yuan could derail an economy that has shown recent signs of stabilization, Reuters reported.
Overnight, major U.S. indexes closed higher in low volume trade. The closed up 0.2 percent at 19,883.06 and the S&P 500 gained 0.2 percent to 2,262.53, while the composite finished up 0.37 percent at 5,457.44.
In currency markets, the dollar regained some momentum, with the dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of currencies, up at 103.41, compared with levels around 102 yesterday.
The stronger greenback weighed on Asian currencies, with Malaysia's particularly hard-hit.
The dollar was fetching 4.4775 ringgit as of 3:02 pm HK/SIN, with the Malaysian currency touching its lowest since January 1998, during the Asian Financial Crisis. The emerging market currency has been whacked by the surging dollar after President-elect Donald Trump's surprise win, tumbling 11 percent since Nov. 8.
The Australian dollar was softer at $0.7252, down from levels above $0.73 on Monday.
The euro slipped against the dollar at 1.0382, after overnight news that a truck rammed into a crowded Christmas market in central Berlin on Monday evening, resulting at least 12 deaths and injuring up to 50 others.
The Turkish lira and Russian ruble fell to session lows against the greenback on Monday after the Russian ambassador to Turkey was shot by an off-duty police officer in Ankara. During Tuesday Asian trade, the dollar/lira was at 3.5169 by mid Asian afternoon while the dollar/ruble traded at 61.9431.