Personal Finance

Obamacare is in the crosshairs: Here’s how to protect yourself

If you depend on the Affordable Care Act for your health insurance, now is the time to strengthen your finances and tap your benefits.

As Congress moves closer to repealing the landmark healthcare law, it's becoming clearer what that might mean for those who were insured under the law.

"We may know more later, but personally I would tell my people to prepare for the worst — that it will be like it was prior to the Affordable Care Act," said Sallie Mullins Thompson, a New York-based certified public accountant.

A projection from the Congressional Budget Office predicts that the number of uninsured people could rise by 18 million in the first year after repeal.

Hundreds of activists and allies from the newly-formed anti-Trump group Rise & Resist staged a peaceful protest at Trump International Hotel and Tower in New York City, to fight against the radical changes to the American healthcare system proposed by the Trump Administration and Republicans.
Erik McGregor | Pacific Press | LightRocket | Getty Images

During that same period, premiums for individual policies purchased through state and federal exchanges or directly via insurers may rise by as much as 25 percent, the CBO also said.

This has created more uncertainty for financial planners and their clients — particularly independent contractors and others who depend on the ACA.

Here's what you can do to mitigate any changes.

Get insured now

As of Jan. 10, more than 11.5 million people have signed up for coverage through the exchanges.

Even though the ACA's future is uncertain, planners are encouraging clients to sign up. Buyers have until Jan. 31 to enroll for 2017.

"As the market starts to behave in funny ways and insurers start leaving, you might find that your coverage is disrupted," said Karen Pollitz, a senior fellow at the Kaiser Family Foundation. "The safest thing is to sign up and see what happens."

Watch your subsidies

Individuals who depend on subsidies to afford their coverage ought to keep a close eye on House v. Burwell, a lawsuit that dates back to 2014.

In this action, the House of Representatives alleged the Obama administration was spending funds without formal approval from Congress in order to reimburse health insurers who offered low-income applicants cheaper plans.

Last spring, U.S. District Judge Rosemary M. Collyer ruled in favor of the House. The case is now in federal appeals court, and what happens next may depend on how incoming president Donald Trump proceeds.

The "Smiths" buy subsidized healthcare on the exchanges.

(Numbers are from the Kaiser Family Foundation and are based on U.S. averages. Figures will vary by state.)

Consider a non-smoking family of four — two adults and two kids — with a household income of $70,000.

Based on these statistics, the Smiths' income is equal to 287 percent of the poverty level, which will likely qualify them for subsidized health insurance, according to Kaiser's subsidy calculator.

This means the Smiths are eligible for $379 per month in premium tax credits.

A silver plan, in which the insurance company generally pays 70 percent of costs, will run the Smiths $543 per month in premiums.

The most the Smiths will have to pay for a silver plan is equal to 9.32 percent of income.

Without help, the family would be paying $923 per month.

"Maybe Congress will back down and appropriate the money for the subsidies, or the White House might say they'd rather lose the case and have the subsidies end abruptly," Pollitz said.

"If subsidies ended abruptly, there's a commonly held expectation that insurers selling those policies through the marketplace might get out during the year," Pollitz said.

Use your existing care

If you haven't completed your wellness visits yet, it's time to get off the sidelines.

It's a good practice to leverage your deductibles so that you can address any developing problems and get closer to your annual out-of-pocket spending maximums. That way, if health issues do arise, your plan will generally cover 100 percent of your costs.

We may know more later, but personally I would tell my people to prepare for the worst.
Sallie Mullins Thompson
certified public accountant

For those who are concerned about their coverage changing amid an overhaul of the ACA, it's better to seek care now.

"If you're worried about your subsidies, don't put off health problems that need to be resolved," said Kathryn B. Hauer, a certified financial planner at Wilson David Investment Advisors in Aiken, South Carolina.

Fund your HSA

If you already have a health savings account as part of a high-deductible health care plan at work, continue to contribute to it. That way, if you lose your company coverage, you can use the money in the HSA to offset medical costs.

HSAs enjoy a triple-tax benefit. Contributions are tax-deductible and are taken out pre-tax if made through payroll deductions. Earnings grow free of taxes as well, and you can use the money tax-free to cover qualified medical costs.

HSAs are also likely to stick around, as they've been endorsed by Rep. Tom Price, (R-Georgia), Trump's pick to lead the Department of Health and Human Services.

This year, you can contribute up to $3,400 to an HSA if you're only covering yourself. Under a family plan, the contribution limit is $6,750. Those 55 and over can kick in another $1,000.

"Under the IRS guidelines, contributions to an HSA are good forever and in all times," said Aaron Benway, co-founder of, a provider of health document storage services for HSA savers.

"The tax code will provide relief for medical expenses, independent of the Affordable Care Act," he said. "It's never a bad idea to save more."