Asia markets were trading sideways on Monday, as investors looked past a weekend dominated with Donald Trump inauguration headlines and await clarity on policies including plans to possibly renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement and abandon the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) deal.
The new administration said last Friday that its trade strategy to protect American jobs would begin with the withdrawal from the TPP and "crack down on those nations that violate trade agreements and harm American workers in the process."
Trump's first speech as president last Friday also revealed an "inward-looking and protectionist U.S., extolling 'only America first' policies on trade, taxes, immigration and on foreign affairs," said Vishnu Varathan, senior economist at Mizuho Bank, in a note on Monday.
Australia's ASX 200 fell 0.8 percent or 45.4 points to close at 5,609.4, as its industrials sub-index dropped 3.97 percent.
Logistics company Brambles plunged 15.8 percent, after the company downgraded its earnings guidance for the six months ended 31 December 2016, over concerns for its North American operations.
The company expects sales revenue growth at 5 percent, compared to the previous guidance of 7 to 9 percent, and underlying profit growth to be around 3 percent, compared to the earlier forecast of 9 to 11 percent.
Japan's shed 1.29 percent or 246.9 points at 18,891.03, weighed by the advancing yen as the dollar/yen pair slipped below the 114 handle.
Toshiba shares surged 9 percent, after several media reports that it is in the midst of preparing for the sale of its semiconductor business.
In South Korea, the Kospi closed flat at 2,065.99, as the political saga continues with President Park Geun-hye's culture minister and her former presidential adviser arrested on Saturday over allegations that they blacklisted artists critical of the government, Reuters reported.
Samsung Electronics was up 1.56 percent as it finally identified what went wrong with its Galaxy Note 7 handsets that led to one of the worst technology recalls in recent times, a day before its full-year earnings, with the assembly process in layering the batteries and issues in the manufacturing end responsible, the company said on Monday.
The South Korean electronics giant also filed a compensation suit against Sharp and Kuroda Electric in response to their decision to halt LC panel supplies to the company. Shares of the Japan-listed Sharp jumped 2.69 percent but Kuroda Electric fell 1.81 percent.
Mainland Chinese shares were positive: the closed up 0.43 percent or 13.5 points at 3,136.64 while the Shenzhen composite closed up 0.87 percent or 16.37 points at 1,902.14. Hong Kong's was flat by mid-afternoon, earlier trading up as much as 0.8 percent.
In currency markets, the dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of currencies, was weaker at 100.32, compared to levels as high as 101.57. Against the dollar, the yen was stronger at 113.756, while the Australian dollar was fetching $0.7573.
In energy news, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and non-OPEC countries energy ministers said they had a good, strong start to lowering their oil output, Reuters reported. The ministers said about 1.5 million barrels per day have been taken out of the market.
was up 0.6 percent at $1,217.04 an ounce, compared to last week's levels in the range of $1,198.56 to $1,217.20.
Stateside, U.S. markets last closed higher in choppy trade with the was up 0.48 percent at 19,827.25, while the S&P 500 closed higher by 0.34 percent at 2,271.31, and the composite added 0.28 percent to close at 5,555.33.