Wall Street is an industry built on courting clients around the globe and hiring some of the best and brightest, wherever they may be.
But the finance world delivered a largely muted response to President Trump's temporary ban on immigration from seven predominantly Muslim countries, even as other industries took far stronger stances on the action, casting it in moral terms.
Goldman Sachs issued the boldest condemnation of Mr. Trump's order. In a voice mail message sent to employees on Sunday — a time-honored Wall Street way of delivering firmwide messages — the bank's chief executive, Lloyd C. Blankfein, said the travel ban was "not a policy we support" and noted that parts of the executive order had been temporarily suspended.
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In a memo to employees on Monday, Citigroup's chief executive, Mike Corbat, said that the firm was "concerned about the message the executive order sends," and he encouraged finding "the right balance between protecting the country and its longstanding role as an open and welcoming society."
And top officials at the asset-management giant BlackRock, which oversees $5 trillion in investments and counts big Middle Eastern countries as clients, said that while they recognized the need to keep the United States safe, any approach needed to respect the law.
"We, of course, all want to promote security and combat terrorism, but we believe it needs to be done with respect for due process, individual rights and the principle of inclusion," the executives, including Laurence D. Fink, a founder and the chief executive, wrote.
Still, other firms took a more cautious approach, refraining from outright criticism of Mr. Trump's actions. In an internal memo, JPMorgan Chase's top executives said that they were both "grateful" for efforts to keep the United States safe and supportive of diversity. Wells Fargo also posted a statement on its employee website saying that it was still assessing what the executive order meant for its business and employees but that it was "committed to fostering a culture of diversity."
The chief executive of Morgan Stanley, James P. Gorman, wrote to his employees, "Continuing to draw on talent from across the globe is a key element of Morgan Stanley's culture and ultimately to our success in serving our clients."
Other firms, such as Blackstone and TPG, had declined to comment.
Here are the various responses that major financial firms have sent to their employees regarding the executive order. (Some have been edited to remove internal company phone numbers.) We'll update the list with more responses as we collect them.