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China services sector continues strong expansion in January: Caixin PMI

Customer-service workers at the headquarters of an apparel manufacturer, Jeanswest, in Huizhou, Guangdong province, China.
VCG | Getty Images
Customer-service workers at the headquarters of an apparel manufacturer, Jeanswest, in Huizhou, Guangdong province, China.

Growth in China's services sector remained strong in January, a private survey showed, as companies reported a solid increase in orders.

Improving business conditions prompted service companies to hire staff at the fastest pace in 20 months.

The strong reading mirrored improvements in manufacturing surveys last week, giving China's policymakers more room to focus on containing the financial risks from a sharp rise in debt.

Though activity in services slowed slightly from December, strong growth looks set to continue, in line with policymakers efforts to rebalance the economy toward services and consumption, which are the biggest drivers of growth in the world's second-largest economy.

The services PMI was 53.1 in January on a seasonally adjusted basis, dipping from 53.4 in December, the Markit/Caixin services purchasing managers' index (PMI) showed.

But it remained well above the 50-mark that separates expansion in activity from contraction on a monthly basis.

Expansion in new business for services firms also slowed slightly from December but remained robust, while business expectations matched an 18-month high at a reading of 60.8.

However, input prices rose the fastest in nearly four years. And while companies also raised their output prices the most since August 2015, companies said tough competition held back their ability to raise prices, suggesting a squeeze in profit margins.

Caixin's composite PMI covering both the manufacturing and services sectors fell to 52.2 in January from the previous month's near 4-year high of 53.5.

The manufacturing sector still faces "a lot of massive capacity" that will slow growth down, said Commerzbank economist, Hao Zhou.

The trend persist as long as the People's Bank of China is tightening monetary policy and regulations.

Zhou predicts China growth to slow to 6.5 percent this year from 6.7 percent last year.

"China has to address the structural issues before it can have more accelerated GDP growth in the future," he told CNBC's Squawk Box.

A number of economists have predicted a loss of growth momentum this year as a property boom cools and the boost from previous stimulus starts to wear off.

Chinese firms are also facing the prospect of higher borrowing costs.

The central bank has begun to raise key short-term rates in a sign that policymakers will focus on controlling high debt levels and cooling down overheated property and commodities markets.

But the rate increases so far have been modest, suggesting authorities remain wary about tapping the brakes too hard and stunting economic growth.

"The economy continued to recover, but the expansion rate has slowed. Meanwhile, inflationary pressures continued to build up as prices increased further," said Zhengsheng Zhong, director of macroeconomic analysis at CEBM Group, in a note with the PMI data.

"The economy is unlikely to maintain the pace of expansion seen in the fourth quarter of last year given that the manufacturing sector's willingness to restock has declined. China's economic growth may decelerate after the first quarter of this year."

CNBC's Huileng Tan contributed to this article.

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