Trump may publish harsh tweets, but that'll only send the Asian markets down for a day or so, Faber, also known as Dr. Doom for his pessimistic views, told CNBC's "Squawk Box" on Thursday.
"It is a Chinese-centric Asia nowadays," he said. "The exports of Taiwan, South Korea, to China are much more important than to the U.S. All the Asian countries for them, exports to China are the key, tourists from China are the key."
During his campaign, Trump vowed to label China a currency manipulator for the purposes of a competitive trade advantage, even though the country has actually been propping up its currency.
In other signs of a protectionist bent, last month, Trump formally pulled the U.S. out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which would have created a 12-country Pacific Rim free-trade bloc. The TPP, which was negotiated during President Barack Obama's term in office, hadn't yet been voted on or ratified by Congress.
Trump also signaled he planned to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), enacted in 1994, which eliminated most tariffs between Mexico, the U.S. and Canada.
More recently, Trump has sent series of tweets complaining that the U.S. was being treated unfairly in trade deals.
But Faber was unfazed on how that would affect Asian markets.
"When you see Mr. Trump lambasting the exporting countries of Asia, calling China – he hasn't declared it officially a currency manipulator and so forth, what is the reaction of the leadership in Beijing," he asked.
"Everybody in Asia and around the world, including Mexico and the Europeans will say, 'the U.S. is no longer a reliable trading partner and no longer a reliable ally. We have to look after ourselves,'" he said. "So the Chinese are pushing essentially domestic-led growth."
Faber pointed to the rise in exports from Taiwan and South Korea to China over the past three months, attributing it to Chinese domestic consumption rather than exports to the U.S.
At the same time, Faber expected that U.S. markets might not perform as well as emerging markets, despite the "hoopla" over Wall Street's recent rally.
He noted that the U.S. economic expansion and the bull market were now around 8 years old and getting "mature."
—By CNBC.Com's Leslie Shaffer; Follow her on Twitter