- Oil prices extended gains after rising more than 1 percent overnight
- The dollar edged down to its lowest levels since June 2016 after firming overnight due to better-than-expected PMI data
- South Korean semiconductor manufacturer SK Hynix reported record operating profit numbers for the second quarter due to strong memory chip demand
Asian indexes closed mostly lower on Tuesday as markets awaited the upcoming Federal Market Open Committee (FOMC) meeting and kept an eye on the dollar amid greater uncertainty over the White House's ability to pass key policy proposals.
Japan's benchmark Nikkei 225 index reversed earlier gains to close below the flat line. The index slipped 0.1 percent, or 20.47 points, to close at 19,955.2 as the yen gained against the dollar later in the session.
South Korea's Kospi slid 0.47 percent, or 11.63 points, to finish the session at 2,439.9.
In Australia, the S&P/ASX 200 advanced 0.68 percent, or 38.529 points, to close at 5,726.6, driven by broad-based gains across most sectors except the telecommunications services and energy sub-indexes. The industrials and health care sub-indexes closed higher by 0.98 percent and 1.56 percent respectively.
Greater China markets trended lower. Hong Kong's declined 0.1 percent by 3:00 p.m. HK/SIN. On the mainland, the closed off 0.21 percent, or 6.8332 points, at 3,243.7657 and the Shenzhen Composite shed 0.327 percent, or 6.0730 points, to end at 1,848.5922.
In comparison, the broader MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan index edged up 0.34 percent.
Market sentiment was likely to remain subdued as investors awaited risk events, such as the outcome of the FOMC meeting and release of U.S. second-quarter GDP, due later in the week, OANDA senior trader Stephen Innes told CNBC. Particularly of note would be the Federal Reserve's outlook on inflation, he said, adding that the central bank was likely to sound dovish.
Uncertainty over the Trump administration's policies was also expected to weigh on the dollar in the near term, Innes said.
The dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of currencies, declined to its lowest levels in 13-months after giving up slight gains made in the previous session. The dollar index traded at 93.850 at 3:02 p.m. HK/SIN after falling as low as 93.815 earlier in the session.
Against the yen, the greenback retraced earlier gains, last fetching 110.93 yen compared to levels around the 111.1 handle seen earlier in the week.
National Australia Bank currency strategist Rodrigo Catril cautioned that U.S. politics could be a "big test" ahead of the Federal Reserve's interest rate decision expected Wednesday afternoon in the U.S.
The Senate will take a procedural vote Tuesday on whether the Republican health-care bill will be opened for debate or amendments. Ahead of the vote, President Donald Trump increased the pressure on Senate Republicans to support an overhaul to the health-care system, adding that they had "not done their job in ending the Obamacare nightmare."
"Opening the debate on repealing and replacing the Obamacare bill could be a positive for the U.S. dollar as it would improve the prospect for the Trump administration to get its infrastructure spending and tax reform agenda back on track," Catril said in a Tuesday note.
In individual stocks, South Korean semiconductor manufacturer SK Hynix reported record operating profits of 3.1 trillion won ($2.78 billion) in the second quarter due to strong memory chip demand — a rise of 574 percent compared to one year ago, Reuters said. The figure beat a Thomson Reuters StarMine estimate of 3 trillion won.
SK Hynix shares closed down 3.56 percent after finishing at a record high in the previous session.
Other market movers included Hong Kong-listed property companies linked to a high profile deal involving Dalian Wanda. Property developer Sunac China Holdings announced it agreed to a $516.4 million share sale on Tuesday, Reuters reported. As part of the deal, Sunac said 220 million shares would be issued to undisclosed investors, the news agency said. Sunac is buying a 91 percent share in several Wanda tourism projects for 43.8 billion yuan, Wanda announced last week.
On the energy front, oil prices extended gains after rising more than 1 percent in the overnight session on news that Saudi Arabia would reduce its exports in August. At a meeting in St Petersburg, the OPEC monitoring committee also said Nigeria — which was originally exempt from an OPEC-led production cut — would be capping its output.
Meanwhile, the euro trended higher after dipping overnight on the release of soft manufacturing activity indicators. The euro last traded at $1.1656 after touching as low as $1.1630 in the overnight session.
In economic news, the Bank of Japan's monetary policy meeting minutes reflected that board members agreed policy had to remain easy as the central bank's 2 percent inflation target was distant, Reuters reported.
Markets are expected to keep an eye on economic indicators and events in Europe and the U.S. after the end of the Asian trading day, with Germany's Ifo business climate index and expectations for July due at 4:00 p.m. HK/SIN. Stateside, the FOMC's two-day meeting will begin later Tuesday.
Over in the U.S., stocks closed mostly lower in the Monday session, with earnings reports from large technology names coming in after the market close.