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Abrupt reversal in Nasdaq raises concern market may have seen summer high

Key Points
  • Chart analysts say Thursday's move in the Nasdaq was an outside reversal, a technical red flag that could mean the market has seen its near-term summer highs.
  • The Nasdaq closed below Wednesday's low, after opening at a new high, the sign of a reversal.
  • The same action was seen in the QQQ ETF, which represents the Nasdaq 100.
S&P 500 and Nasdaq close lower after tech's reversal from record highs

The abrupt reversal in Nasdaq stocks raises a red flag for technicians and signals a possible summer top for the market.

Nasdaq, home to many big techs and biotechs, dropped like a rock in early afternoon trading, in a move that traders said did not appear to have a catalyst other than a rash of selling just before 1:30 p.m. ET in an overbought sector.

"It definitely signals to me it could be a top. I would put the odds better than 50/50 that it could be a top. We'll only know with the benefit of retrospect," said Dennis Gartman, publisher of the Gartman Letter. "History shows 70 to 80 percent of the time if you don't pay attention to an outside reversal day, especially one as material as this, you will regret it."

This is an important day for market technicians: Gartman Letter's Dennis Gartman

Nasdaq Thursday closed down 40 points at 6,382, significant to technicians because it fell below Wednesday's low of 6,416, after shooting into record territory on the open. Nasdaq Wednesday had set a third record close in a row. For the month to date, it was still up just about 4 percent.

Scott Redler, partner at, said the reversal was evident in the QQQs, or the PowerShares QQQ Trust ETF, which represents the Nasdaq 100. The ETF opened at an all-time high Thursday but then fell below Wednesday's low of 144.53, a classic outside reversal. It ended the day down 0.6 percent at 143.96.

PowerShares QQQ Trust, 3 month, bar chart

Source: FactSet

"On Facebook's earnings, it gapped everything up, and basically they sold the news, causing a big outside bearish reversal in tech. That was a little bit of a red flag. The QQQs were at an all-time high," Redler said. "It's pure technicals. You open up above a momentum level, go through it, and people start to sell. Technology opened up strong and basically reversed."

The QQQs traded over 77.2 million shares as of the close, almost double its 30-day average of 39.8 million shares.

The Dow and S&P 500 did not see the same type of "outside" move, and the Dow in fact closed at a record 21,796, up 85 points. The down 2 at 2475.

"The fact you made a new high in the Dow and didn't reverse, the old guard would call that a day when the tape was being painted," said Gartman. "If they had all reversed to the downside, it would have been much more impressive." But he said the fact that tech has been leading the market's gains makes the reversals in the QQQs and Nasdaq significant.

Energy stocks due for short term bounce: Bespoke's Paul Hickey

Paul Hickey, co-founder of Bespoke, had a more positive view. "It's hard to say just one day. I wouldn't necessarily say just today means we're going to go into a correction for the summer," he said. "I think it's more in the realm of profit-taking. On June 9, people said the same thing, and we came roaring back from that."

Nasdaq favorites — the FANG stocks: Facebook, Amazon, Netflix and Google parent, Alphabet—were mixed in the sell-off, with Facebook higher after its earnings. Amazon closed 0.6 percent lower at 1,046, after reaching an all-time high of 1083.31 Thursday morning. It fell even more in after hours trading after its earnings missed expectations. .

Besides tech, biotech also joined in the sell-off. The iShares Nasdaq Biotechnology IBB ETF fell 2.3 percent in afternoon trading.

Transports were also crushed in the sell-off. The Dow Jones Transports were down 3.2 percent. The VIX, a measure of market volatility, jumped 7 percent to 10.30 after trading at an all-time low this week.

The sell-off comes amid warnings from some strategists that the market could see a shallow pullback after going for so long without a correction. The market's last significant pullback was the 11 percent decline in the S&P 500 that ended in February 2016.

The S&P 500 fell about a half percent in afternoon trading, to 2,465. The Dow held some gains, up 6 points, at 21,717.

WATCH: Record highs at the open
Record highs for Dow, S&P 500, and Nasdaq at open