Euro zone economy enjoys its best year in a decade

  • In its first estimate for the fourth quarter, Eurostat said that the euro zone expanded by 0.6 percent in the October-December period from the three months before.
  • "Economic growth has shifted to a substantially faster growth path over the course of 2017," said Bert Colijn, senior eurozone economist at ING.

The euro zone economy, for so long a source of uncertainty, has enjoyed its best year in a decade, clear evidence it has broken out of the prolonged debt crisis that raised fears about the very survival of the euro currency.

In its first estimate for the fourth quarter, Eurostat, the European Union's statistics agency, said Tuesday that the euro zone expanded by 0.6 percent in the October-December period from the three months before.

People walk along a crowed shopping street on the first day of the winter sales on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain
David Ramos | Getty Images News | Getty Images
People walk along a crowed shopping street on the first day of the winter sales on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain

That more-than-healthy level of growth means that for the whole of 2017, the euro zone economy expanded by 2.5 percent, its best performance since 2007, when it grew 3 percent. The euro zone even grew faster than the U.S., which expanded by 2.3 percent.

"Economic growth has shifted to a substantially faster growth path over the course of 2017," said Bert Colijn, senior eurozone economist at ING. "While detailed breakdowns have yet to be released, it seems that the eurozone economy continues to fire on all cylinders."

In the decade since 2007, the eurozone has had to grapple with one crisis after another, starting with the financial crash of 2008 that prompted the deepest worldwide recession since World War II. That exposed the weak underbelly of the eurozone — the state of the public finances in a number of member economies.

Four countries — Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Cyprus — had to be bailed out by their partners in the eurozone and the International Monetary Fund, and in return they made deep budget cuts to get their public finances into shape, hitting their economies hard. The Greek economy, for example, shed around a quarter of its output, and saw unemployment and poverty levels ratchet higher.

It's only recently that existential concerns surrounding the euro have eased. Greece, notably, is set to emerge from its bailout era this summer, eight years after it first faced potential bankruptcy.

With fears of a breakup of the euro zone largely evaporated, confidence across the bloc has risen. That's evident in the fact that growth isn't just reliant on the big economies of Germany and France. Stronger growth is being recorded in those countries that were at the forefront of the crisis and that's helping to bring down unemployment, potentially reinforcing the recovery even more.

Following the defeat of several populist political movements in elections in 2017, such as in France and the Netherlands, there are fewer fears about the prospect of anti-euro politicians taking the helm. Meanwhile, the recovery has been boosted by the European Central Bank's massive stimulus program and its move to slash interest rates.

But the growth boon is not just about improvements in the eurozone. The global economy, in particular trade, is on the up, and that's supporting the eurozone's exporters.

That combination of positive factors is widely expected to hold in 2018 and growth is anticipated to come in around 2017′s level. Two potential headwinds are the recent appreciation in the value of the euro, particularly against the dollar, which makes eurozone exports less competitive in international markets, and less stimulus from the ECB.

Following the growth figures, the euro advanced further towards its recently hit three-year high-rate against the dollar, and was trading 0.3 percent firmer at $1.2414.