Secretary of Defense James Mattis is implicated in one of the largest business scandals of the past decades, described by the Securities and Exchange Commission as an "elaborate, years-long fraud" through which Theranos, led by CEO Elizabeth Holmes and president Ramesh "Sunny" Balwani, "exaggerated or made false statements about the company's technology, business, and financial performance."
Basically, their biotech startup was founded on the promise of faster, cheaper, painless blood tests. But their technology was fake.
Mattis not only served on Theranos's board during some of the years it was perpetrating the fraud after he retired from US military service, but he earlier served as a key advocate of putting the company's technology (technology that was, to be clear, fake) to use inside the military while he was still serving as a general. Holmes is settling the case, paying a $500,000 fee and accepting various other penalties, while Balwani is fighting it out in court.
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Nobody on the board is being directly charged with doing anything. But accepting six-figure checks to serve as a frontman for a con operation is the kind of thing that would normally count as a liability in American politics.