The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission obtained an emergency freeze of $27 million in trading profits involving the CEO of cryptocurrency company Longfin and three other people, the agency said in a statement Friday.
Longfin's stock was halted on the Nasdaq as of 10:01 a.m. ET on the SEC alert after jumping more than 47 percent. Shares had been halted numerous times throughout the week for volatility. The stock was worth more than $3 billion at one point in December after the company announced a cryptocurrency-related acquisition.
"We acted quickly to prevent more than $27 million in alleged illicit trading profits from being transferred out of the country," Robert Cohen, chief of the SEC Enforcement Division's Cyber Unit said in the statement. "Preventing defendants from transferring this money offshore will ensure that these funds remain available as the case continues."
The SEC claims Longfin CEO and Chairman Venkat Meenavalli had the company issue unregistered shares to the three people so they could sell them, which they did.
The financial watchdog does allow people to own a certain amount of unregistered shares without having to go through what one lawyer calls a "very long" registration process. But those shares are restricted and cannot be sold during certain time periods.
"You're not allowed to do that; you can't transfer to your friends. This is playing fast and loose," according to Peter Henning, a Wayne State University law professor and former federal prosecutor. "If you don't follow those rules you've broken the law and all the proceeds of it are illegal."
The SEC alleged that Longfin affiliates Amro Izzelden "Andy" Altahawi, Dorababu Penumarthi, and Suresh Tammineedi sold large blocks of their restricted Longfin shares illegally to the public shortly after the company acquired the cryptocurrency business and began trading on the Nasdaq, according to the complaint.
"Essentially they played a shell game here, and sold shares that they weren't allowed to sell," according to Henning.
The small company has attracted controversy over its ties to cryptocurrency, and its CEO said this week that he is not going to sell his shares while he is fighting $1.4 billion in bets against the stock by short-sellers.
"I'm not going to sell [for] the next three years," Meenavalli said Wednesday on CNBC's "Fast Money" as he was rigorously questioned about stock sales and inconsistencies about his business.
The stock has fallen more than 90 percent from its all-time high of $142.82. Volatility has picked up in the last two weeks following several negative headlines, including a tweet from noted short-seller Andrew Left's Citron Research.
CORRECTION: An earlier version misstated the stock's all-time high. It is $142.82.
— CNBC's Evelyn Cheng contributed to this report.