India's top court legalizes gay sex in landmark ruling

  • India's Supreme Court scrapped a colonial-era ban on gay sex on Thursday in a landmark judgement that activists hope will uphold the right to equality.
  • Gay sex had been punishable by up to 10 years in jail.
  • The judges in the case had previously said that gay people in India faced deep-rooted trauma and live in fear.
An Indian supporter of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) community takes part in a pride parade in Bhopal on July 15, 2018. - Supreme court of India is hearing petitions for the protection of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people. (Photo by - / AFP)        (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)
- | AFP | Getty Images
An Indian supporter of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) community takes part in a pride parade in Bhopal on July 15, 2018. - Supreme court of India is hearing petitions for the protection of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people. (Photo by - / AFP) (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)

India's top court scrapped a colonial-era ban on gay sex on Thursday in a landmark judgement that activists hope will uphold the right to equality.

Gay sex is considered taboo by many in socially conservative India, and was reinstated as a criminal offence in 2013 after four years of decriminalisation.

A five-judge bench in India's Supreme Court was unanimous in overturning the ban.

"Any consensual sexual relationship between two consenting adults - homosexuals, heterosexuals or lesbians - cannot be said to be unconstitutional," said the Chief Justice of India, Dipak Misra, as he read out the judgement.

Gay sex had been punishable by up to 10 years in jail.

Activists welcomed the ruling.

"Thanks to all that fought for this, braving the worst sort of prejudice. This is a good day for human rights," Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director for Human Rights Watch said on Twitter.

"It is not only about decriminalising but recognising our fundamental rights," Akhilesh Godi, one of the petitioners in the case, told Reuters shortly before the judgement was announced.

The judges in the case had previously said that gay people in India faced deep-rooted trauma and live in fear.

A law known as "Section 377" had prohibited "carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal" - which was widely interpreted to refer to homosexual sex.