The Fed thinks it's safe to keep hiking rates — it's wrong, market researcher says

The Federal Reserve is widely expected to hike rates again at its September meeting in two weeks, another in a string of anticipated increases through next year.

The central bank needs to slow its roll to avoid "breaking" the economy, said James Bianco, president of Bianco Research.

"What's the leading cause of breaking an economy? Too tight Fed policy. What's the leading reason the Fed goes too tight? Because they think economies are A-plus, they raise rates too much, and they wind up choking off an economy," said Bianco on CNBC's "Trading Nation" on Monday.

While markets and the Fed see a U.S. economy charging forward, Bianco is more conservative with a "B-plus" grade. He said while there's nothing fundamentally wrong with the economy, inflation stalling at the Fed's 2 percent target suggests a softer approach to monetary policy might be required.

"It's a good economy. The Fed should raise rates in September, maybe one more time, maybe two tops, between now and the end of next year. If we start thinking about six rate hikes, we've gone too far," he said.

The chances of a 25 basis point hike in late September sit at more than 98 percent, according to CME Group fed funds futures. Markets are pricing in a 75 percent chance of a December increase, the fourth of the year. Goldman Sachs forecasts a similar pace in 2019.

As the Fed signals a readiness to keep on hiking into the new year, Bianco warns it's ignoring a major red flag.

"The signal that they're going too far is if the yield curve inverts," said Bianco. "The yield curve hasn't inverted but we just had John Williams, the president of the New York Fed, last week saying 'This time is different, if the yield curve inverts it's no big deal, we have to continue to raise rates.' This is exactly how mistakes are made."

The yield curve inverts when shorter-term bonds yield higher than longer-term bonds. It is typically seen as a warning sign of a looming recession. The yield curve inverted in December 2005 and acted as a signal of the coming 2008 recession.

The 2-year/10-year yield curve closed less than 20 basis points from an inversion on Aug. 24, its lowest level since July 2007.

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Michael Santoli

Michael Santoli joined CNBC in October 2015 as a Senior Markets Commentator, based at the network's Global Headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, N.J.  Santoli brings his extensive markets expertise to CNBC's Business Day programming, with a regular appearance on CNBC's “Closing Bell (M-F, 3PM-5PM ET).   In addition, he contributes to CNBCand CNBC PRO, writing regular articles and creating original digital videos.

Previously, Santoli was a Senior Columnist at Yahoo Finance, where he wrote analysis and commentary on the stock market, corporate news and the economy. He also appeared on Yahoo Finance video programs, where he offered insights on the most important business stories of the day, and was a regular contributor to CNBC and other networks.

Follow Michael Santoli on Twitter @michaelsantoli

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