Machines will overtake humans in terms of performing more tasks at the workplace by 2025 — but there could still be 58 million net new jobs created in the next five years, the World Economic Forum (WEF) said in a report on Monday.
Developments in automation technologies and artificial intelligence could see 75 million jobs displaced, according to the WEF report "The Future of Jobs 2018." However, another 133 million new roles may emerge as companies shake up their division of labor between humans and machines, translating to 58 million net new jobs being created by 2022, it said.
At the same time, there would be "significant shifts" in the quality, location and format of new roles, according to the WEF report, which suggested that full-time, permanent employment may potentially fall.
Some companies could choose to use temporary workers, freelancers and specialist contractors, while others may automate many of the tasks.
New skill sets for employees will be needed as labor between machines and humans continue to evolve, the report pointed out.
Machines are expected to perform about 42 percent of all current tasks in the workplace by 2022, compared to only 29 percent now, according to firms surveyed by WEF. Humans are expected to work an average of 58 percent of task hours by 2022, up from the current task hours of 71 percent.
Artificial intelligence and its impact on jobs has become a hot topic of debate and many experts have predicted that machines will ultimately replace millions of jobs in the next decade. Still, the conventional wisdom among many business executives is that AI will also create new jobs.
An analysis from global audit firm PwC also made similar predictions. It said that AI, robotics and other forms of "smart automation" technologies could boost productivity and create better products and services. While some jobs will be displaced or "fundamentally changed in nature," new jobs will also be created and the long term net effect should be positive for the economy as a whole.