The Fed is expected to announce a quarter point rate hike Wednesday, and is likely to signal another hike is coming later in the year.
The Fed's actions are unlikely to rock markets, but the focus will be on what kind of message the Fed sends and how hawkish it sounds on the economy and future rate hikes.
As Joseph LaVorgna, the chief economist of the Americas at Natixis, noted, three quarters of the year are already over since the Fed put its 2018 forecast together and GDP has been faster, inflation is at or above target, and there is anecdotal evidence wage pressures are picking up. "They're not going to do less, they're going to do more," he said. "The fact the equity market just hit an all time high is going to offset any concerns when it comes to tariffs or emerging markets."
The focus in the week ahead will also be heavily on trade, as the next round of U.S. tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods and China's retaliatory tariffs both go into effect Monday. Low level trade talks are expected to take place between the two countries later in the week.
There could also be critical developments in the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement. White House economic adviser Kevin Hassett said Friday that the U.S. could go it alone with Mexico, as negotiators have not agreed to terms with Canada, with just one week to go before the U.S.-imposed Oct. 1 deadline.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks in New York at the Council on Foreign Relations Tuesday, and U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer also speaks Tuesday, at a different venue.
The United Nations General Assembly gets underway in New York, and President Donald Trump speaks there Tuesday. He is also expected to chair the UN Security Council.
Energy could be in focus, as Trump is expected to discuss U.S. sanctions on Iran. Oil markets are also watching for weekend developments, when OPEC members meet with Russia in Algeria Sunday to discuss their output agreement.
At the UN, Trump is also expected to reiterate his message on American sovereignty and his 'America first' trade policy.
The Dow and S&P 500 hit new highs in the past week, and the Dow closed out the week at a high of 26,743, up 2.3 percent. The S&P 500 gave back 1 point Friday, ending the week at 2929, a gain of 0.8 percent. The Nasdaq was off 0.3 percent, at 7,986.
Treasury yields made gains, as investors look ahead to the Fed's two-day meeting. The 10-year was at 3.06 percent, up from 3 percent a week ago.
"I'm more and more defensive on the stock market," said Jim Paulsen, chief investment strategist at Leuthold Group. "...Values are really high however you want to look at them. We're tightening liquidity. We're raining yields. There's a good bet that the economic momentum slows down if for no other reason than its been so strong."
Paulsen said, however, that stocks can continue on an upswing. "This could carry us to 3,000 [on the S&P 500]. I just think some time over the next six to 12 months, we're going to hit an air pocket," he said.
The House and Senate are expected to pass spending bills to fund the government by Sept. 30.
There is some important economic data, including durable goods Thursday and personal income and spending Friday.
U.S./China latest tariffs take effect
FOMC begins two-day meeting
8:30 a.m. Philadelphia Fed nonmanufacturing
9:15 a.m. S&P Case/Shiller home prices
9:15 a.m. FHFA home prices
10:00 a.m. Consumer confidence
10:00 a.m. New home sales
2:00 p.m. Fed statement/projections
2:30 p.m. Fed Chairman Jerome Powell briefing
8:30 a.m. Jobless claims
8:30 a.m. Durable goods
8:30 a.m. Q2 GDP (final reading)
8:30 a.m. Advanced economic indicators
10:00 a.m. Pending home sales
2:00 p.m. Dallas Fed President Rob Kaplan
4:45 p.m. Fed Chair Jerome Powell on economy
8:30 a.m. Personal income/spending
8:30 a.m. Richmond Fed President Tom Barkin
9:45 a.m. Chicago PMI
10:00 a.m. Consumer sentiment
4:45 p.m. New York Fed President John Williams