- Senate Republicans want to vote on the U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade agreement in the lame-duck session of Congress.
- Democrats poised to take control of the House are skeptical about the agreement's labor and environmental provisions.
- USMCA has yet to be formally ratified by the three countries.
A dozen Senate Republicans are calling on President Donald Trump to get the newly renegotiated NAFTA, now called the USMCA ratified this year, before House Democrats take control and make passage "significantly more difficult."
In a letter to the president, Sen. Pat Toomey, R-Pa., along with 10 other GOP lawmakers said, "we stand ready to assist in helping you secure a pathway to Congressional consideration" in the lame-duck Congress.
Democrats have suggested that they will seek changes. Rep. Bill Pascrell, D-N.J., who is expected to chair the House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Trade in the next Congress said, "The jury is still out as to whether this deal meets my standard for a better deal for American workers." He is concerned about the ability to enforce labor and environmental provisions in the agreement.
The presumptive incoming House speaker, Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., has also expressed skepticism that wage provisions in the deal, which call for 40 to 45 percent of an automobile to be made by workers who earn at least $16 per hour, can be enforced.
Republican Sen. Toomey called the USMCA a "mixed bag of trade-enhancing and trade-restricting changes."
"I would be willing to vote for the agreement if the President takes steps to strengthen it in the coming weeks through pro-trade modifications in the implementation legislation," said Toomey in a statement.
To be considered in the lame-duck session, the administration would have to submit a final legal text of the agreement before the end of the month. It would also need to submit a draft statement of administrative action that lays out necessary changes to U.S. law needed to implement the deal.
The agreement has yet to be formally agreed to by the U.S., Mexico and Canada. The plan is for the three countries to sign the agreement in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the sidelines of the G-20 summit next week. But that plan has yet to be formalized. Disagreements over the U.S. imposition of steel and aluminum tariffs have been the hang up.
"It's the expectation that by the time of the signing there will be either a solution or a very clear track that gives enough certainty to all parties that a solution is coming," said Mexican Ambassador to the United States Geronimo Gutierrez.
In addition to Toomey, the letter was signed by Sens. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., Steve Daines, R-Mont., Deb Fischer, R-Neb., Jeff Flake, R-Ariz., Ron Johnson, R-Wis., Jon Kyl, R-Ariz., James Lankford, R-Okla., Mike Lee, R-Utah, Rob Portman, R-Ohio, Ben Sasse, R-Neb., and Ted Cruz, R-Texas.
Other items on the must-do list for Republicans include funding the departments of Agriculture and Homeland Security, which will set up battles over the farm bill and immigration. Trump has threatened a government shutdown to secure funding for the border wall.
Correction: Sens. Deb Fischer and Ben Sasse are Republicans representing Nebraska. An earlier version misidentified their state.