Simmering trade tensions between the world's two largest economies are expected to dominate the summit's agenda, with financial markets closely monitoring the prospect of a potential breakthrough.
"I think the end game is that this is a clash between two systems. And the U.S. is objecting to a state-sponsored 'market-based socialist system' that uses the largess of the state to subsidize industrial policy," Roach, senior fellow at Yale University and former chairman of Morgan Stanley Asia, told CNBC's "Squawk Box Europe" Friday.
"Even though, America has had industrial policy for decades but implements it through the military industrial complex orchestrated by the Pentagon. Japan does it, Germany does it, we are making it sound like China is the only one that does it," he added.