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Saudi Aramco, the world's top oil producer, has been rated A+ by Fitch in its first-ever credit rating, ahead of the state oil giant's first global bond sale and following 2018 earnings that dwarfed those of international oil majors.
Aramco generated earnings before interest, tax and depreciation (EBITDA) of $224 billion in 2018, Fitch said on Monday, surpassing ExxonMobil, the world's largest listed oil firm.
Aramco intends to issue its first U.S. dollar-denominated bonds, expected to be for at least $10 billion, in the second quarter to help finance its acquisition of a stake in Saudi Basic Industries Corp, the world's fourth-largest petrochemicals maker.
The Saudi oil producer is expected to start meeting bond investors this week, sources familiar with the matter told Reuters on Thursday.
Last week, Aramco said it would buy a 70 percent stake in SABIC from the kingdom's wealth fund for $69.1 billion, in one of the biggest deals in the global chemical industry.
At the end of 2018, Aramco's cash balances exceeded its balance-sheet debt, Fitch said.
"We project that Saudi Aramco's leverage will remain low, even after the recently announced acquisition of SABIC, which we expect to be predominantly funded from the company's free cash flow (FCF)," the ratings agency said.
Credit ratings allow investors to compare and assess the credit quality of bond issuers and their debt securities, and are important in determining how much borrowers have to pay.
Aramco has hoped to match the ratings of Exxon and Royal Dutch Shell, a source familiar with the matter has told Reuters. Exxon is rated triple-A by Moody's and AA+ by its rival S&P, putting it on par with the rating of the United States.
As a standalone business, Aramco could outweigh its international peers, but most of its assets are in Saudi Arabia and it is tightly linked to Saudi Arabia's economic policies.
National oil companies are generally rated at the same level as or slightly lower than their governments.
"Saudi Aramco's rating is constrained by that of Saudi Arabia (A+/Stable). This reflects the influence the state exerts on the company through taxation and dividends, as well as regulating the level of production in line with its OPEC commitments," Fitch said.
The rating agency said it put Saudi Aramco's "standalone credit profile (at) 'AA+'".
Aramco "is less integrated into natural gas and downstream than some of its international peers, such as Shell and Total, which makes it more exposed to oil prices although this is mitigated by low cost of production, its downstream expansion strategy, and the acquisition of SABIC," Fitch said.
Aramco is still by far the world's biggest oil producing company, ahead of regional peers like Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and listed oil majors Shell, Total and BP, Fitch said.
"In 2018, its (Aramco's) liquids production and its total hydrocarbon production averaged 11.6 million and 13.6 million barrels of oil equivalent per day, respectively," Fitch said.