The Oreo-owner submitted a final offer a few weeks ago for Campbell's international business, including Arnott's, that was below Campbell's roughly $3-billion price expectation, the people said. The two are currently at an impasse.
It is common for there to be last minute negotiations over price in deal talks, the people cautioned, and it is therefore possible Mondelez and Campbell find a resolution.
There still remains multiple buyers for Arnott's, including a consortium backed by private equity firm KKR, one of the people said. It could not be immediately determined what price these other buyers offered, but private equity firms typically pay less for acquisitions than corporate buyers that can take advantage of synergies.
The stalemate puts Campbell in a potentially precarious position. It may be forced to decide between selling its Arnott's business below its desired price, or abandoning the sale process altogether. Campbell put the unit and its fresh food brands up for sale last year, to help pay down debt left in the wake its $6.2-billion purchase of pretzel and chip company Snyder's-Lance. As part of those efforts, it has also been selling its Bolthouse Farms business. That deal has likewise not yet reached a conclusion.
The impasse also throws into question an argument put forward by activist fund Third Point, which previously stated the company is better off split than together. Campbell in November reached a truce with the fund that included board turnover, after Third Point ran a campaign that lambasted the soup company for a string of quarterly misses.
In December, Campbell named new CEO Mark Clouse, who spent 20 years at Mondelez and its predecessor Kraft Foods.
The Arnott's stalemate highlights a broader challenge for the food industry, as a number of Big Food brands like Kraft Heinz, Kellogg and General Mills look to pare down their portfolios to focus their fights on nimbler brands.
Many corporate buyers are less willing to pay the big premiums for deals than they were years ago. Instead, they are focused on acquiring smaller companies to keep pace with consumers' increasing preference for small brands over the larger ones the last generation preferred.
Mondelez has said it wants to focus on deals in the snacking industry in a "financially rigorous manner." It recently bought premium cookie brand Tate's Bake Shop for $500 million. Last year, Mondelez launched SnackFutures, an innovation hub for new snacking brands, which recently announced a stake in early stage food start up Uplift Food.
Frito-Lay-owner PepsiCo likewise has made small add-ons, recently buying apple chips maker Bare Foods for less than $200 million. The food and beverage giant is is primarily focused on deals valued at less than $500 million, CFO Hugh Johnston recently told CNBC.
Several of the big food brands that expressed initial interest in Arnott's − Kraft Heinz and Nutella-owner Ferrero −have otherwise been occupied.
Kraft Heinz, whose shares cratered in February after disappointing earnings and a brand write-down, has been focused on its own divestitures to pay down debt. The ketchup giant is weighing sales of Maxwell House coffee and Breakstone's cottage cheese business, CNBC previously reported.
Ferrero recently placed its bet on another cookie brand, buying Kellogg's Keebler, Famous Amos and fruit snacks businesses for $1.3 billion.
The people requested anonymity because the information is confidential. A spokesperson for Campbell said the company does not comment on rumor or speculation, while Mondelez declined to comment. KKR also declined to comment.