European countries are racing to save their tech start-ups as the region faces an impending economic downturn because of the coronavirus crisis.
France has led the pack in the continent, launching a 4 billion euro ($4.4 billion) liquidity plan to support its start-ups' cash flows. The package includes short-term refinancing, investment into already-planned funding rounds and early payment of some tax credits.
On Wednesday, the German government said it would provide 2 billion euros in financial assistance to help keep its young tech businesses afloat. It's also considering a longer-term fund of 10 billion euros for bigger start-ups.
Together, Germany and France are the leaders within the EU when it comes to hosting the best-funded tech sectors. Last year saw both countries attract $7 billion and $5.2 billion in venture capital respectively, according to figures from Dealroom.
Across the continent, though, they are second and third to Britain, whose privately-held tech firms pulled in a record $13.2 billion in funding last year. The U.K., which is no longer an EU member but still adheres to its trade rules, is facing calls from its own tech industry to bail out start-ups that could collapse in the coming months without access to government support.
It comes amid massive disruption to economic activity caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, as the crisis wipes out revenues for a number of start-ups and puts venture capital investors on edge.
Though the British government has put an emergency loan scheme into place to support smaller businesses, some high-profile figures in the tech industry say many start-ups are effectively blocked from the program as they are not yet profitable.
Pressure has built on governments across Europe to do more for hard-hit digital companies in recent days.
In the U.K., seven industry lobby groups have written a letter to Finance Minister Rishi Sunak calling for the creation of a £300 million ($373 million) fund to help them continue operating, according to Sky News.
The proposed "runway fund," which was previously reported by CNBC, would allocate loans that then convert into equity stakes at a company's next financing round. The idea has been backed by well-known industry groups as well as noted venture capitalist Brent Hoberman.
Meanwhile, Brussels-based lobby group Allied for Startups hopes it can convince the European Commission — the executive branch of the EU — to better coordinate start-up relief programs across the bloc.
"We've seen numerous financial 'Bazookas' being unloaded across Europe," said Benedikt Blomeyer, director of EU policy at Allied for Startups. "Fundamentally we think a start-up shouldn't be at a disadvantage because it is in Spain and not in France."
Blomeyer added: "The European Commission can step up and help Member States target their bazookas effectively: sharing best practices, making sure resources are allocated smartly, with the best tools available."
Start-ups have already been hit by fears of a coming recession. Natalie Cramp, CEO of U.K. data science firm Profusion, told CNBC she had been forced to put the brakes on funding talks, while other entrepreneurs have said they or their friends have seen investors pull out of deals due to valuation concerns.
Mark Tluszcz, CEO of Luxembourg-based Mangrove Capital Partners, said he expects start-ups in the food and transportation industries to take drastic cost-cutting measures to fight for survival. But he added that he tells all of his portfolio investments: "They need to live to fight another day."